Practice test 1 - 1 the science of psgi'cholog,r has its...

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Unformatted text preview: 1. the science of psgi'cholog',r has its roots in the fieide of and l:.r'|Littonmi';t:l1t=,lrr'.ii5t|",.r h. biology; SUElUlflgf c. philosophy; mat-logy @ philosophy: phyeeficgy 2. is usoalty considered the under of soienfifio psychology. a. Freud :3. Fingers e. Watson F met a. trnrospection regutres . . a metaphysical emefienoee b. self-skepticism. abouteaseefienoes o. empiriciern reflection on the self 4. li an individual beloved that why people 111ile anti feel as they:I do is more importent then what tho}; 1hink ert-ct how they think. that irniiuidual would be a proponent ed the approachm ychology. e_ strumraliet furmtinnalisl t:.psyr;t1odyrlarnic d. behaviorist 5-. Gestalt psychology attempted to discover . a hm.- the l-Tlll'll'l helped people adapt to the world ’4 e overall patterns oi percepti_oris and thoughts o. the basic building elect-ts of oohseieusne oi, the unconscious mefivefions tor human function=ng Ev. Homrding to FreutiI unconscious urgos . a. ere able to Ioe suppressed t is. only pertain to sex ementssflly are released so thoughts. feel'mgs. or actions I1 have no impact on e rydey lite T. Fteuci mid have argued that a person who obsossiveiy washes then henos _ . 3. has some sort oi neurcicg'ncal deficit to. is experiencing some form o1 conscious distress @‘ts reacting to an unacceptable unconscious sexual or aggressive impulse d. is angry etthemselmes or someone else 3. Humanistic psychology accused on the level o-‘ the . e. brain person c. group <l. brain and 1he person s. outeraJ universals. or instances of the some practice oochrring in all outages. is probeny thel heat soutce of evidence. eoeording to the ' there. for psychology. 3. oehamral in. cognitive e. evdufionery :1. functions! ID. What is one slniitarity shared by clinical psychologists sod psychiatrists? a. They obtain the sen-re grarfluate degree. b. they have the some training exp iensss alter college. c. They 1l'ietle.r sorrows: tiehtwiors as arising from the same causes They diagnose and treat people expewierwing behavioral and emotional problems. 1 1 If you are an indtjstrielrtinrgeriizationail psycholegssl. then you are probably 1ocusing on issues pertaining to .._ a, legal 53mm i workpiece e. environment d. senators o1 society 12. sthology is a soienoe because it relies on a specific typo o1 more [or allowing us to Isi_ar_n more about human behemor. This mes-rod is referred to as the . ' " a. method at inquiry tn. Somatic memos soloists: rifled {1. method of pa'oblcrn solvifig " ‘— 13_ 'Ehildron who mm I.i1'olent cartoons will become more aggressive.“ According to the scientific metlmcl. this statement is most iikcly a _. a. conclusion b. resuit @yootheeis d. feet 111. An oaralional dollnttion '15 . is, a statement that attempts to predict a set oi phenomena and specifies relationships among variables that can be empirically tested it. an organized system of assumptions and principles that purports to expiru'n a specified set at phoneme and their intanelstionshios a? the prfiiee meaning ot a tetm used to describe a variable. such as a type ct heh tor, that researchers want to measure d. the principle that a aeientilic theory must matte predictions that are specific enough to expose the theory- to the possibility It'll dismrrtirn'laiion 15. Paul records data that indicate that the number of hot climolalss slots at tho oonoossien stand iiicreases as temperatoie outside decreases [for example. more hot chocolates are purchased during late tall than late Spring}. Which of the following statements is the most accurate depiction c! this iinding? it. There is: a correlation between the two "Ffll'i-‘abIE-S. I). There is a strong. positive mrrelaiien botw n the Mo oariahles. c.There is a wean. oositivo eosrclaiion oeMeen the two variables @ There is a negative correlation petuleen the two Variables. 15 .0. earrela'tie'ri eoettieient is a numerical measure of the __ . a. unintemed changes in pertim'pente' behavior due to cues them the sxpeomenter relatione—hip'i between two variables c. behaviors of participants: of different ages pared at a given time d_ bat1aoiore 01 participants followed erx'l nerkxiioally assessed over time 1?. 'i'il‘hitla e: the 1ollcwing statements is correct concerning correlation coeflioenis '3'" ' .Ii. oorretetion of +.-Hi'il is siloth and -.dB is weak. é‘ e. corrotation of 4.139 and —.39 are both strong and new so. r: Correlatieri enetfieienta are indicators of cause and effect. d. A correlation of +1 .5 is tree-r strong. 13_ i3. variable that the experimenter manipulates is calted ate] a. memoir-into! correlation tr. dependentuaxiaole c control condition independeot saris tits 19. In a laboratory. Smokers are fielCEtl to "drive" using a computerin driving simulator equipped with a stick shjn and a gas pedal. The {reject is In) maxim in the distance covered by driI'in: as. [35: as possible on a winding fluid while avoiding respond collisions. Some of the partici pants smelt: a real figs] rem.- ill'l mediatel'y before climbing into the drive r's scat. I'Jthcrs 5m oi-ic a lit k1- ejgarenc wiihnul mini-tine. You are into rested in comparing how many collisions the two groups i151 xe— tliis study. the cigarette eatery-r ermine is —. a; the control oniup L'l. the driving simulator c. the experimental group a. the no control group 2D. Hesponse bias refers to a tendency . a. in which participanm are not chosen at random respond in a particular was rcguidlcss of cne's actual: knowledge or beliefs c. to purposer mislead it researcher cl to purposely produce Invalid data 21. Al lJtc end of an experiment. penicipsnts are interviewed about their experience in addition to reoeir'flng more information about the experiment. This interview anti informational phase of the experiment is I- -nicsliy referred to as . a. approve debrieting :3. ethics! evaluation ti. informed oonsent 9?. The funetion of the _ _ is to oarry information to and from all perm oi the body. _ "— e. some b. synapse @ nenrous system tiendnrphins 23. Dendnte is to axon as . a sand is to secretive L1. sutld is to regulate @sosiys is to send d. reoeive is to reteese " 24. The charge that a neuron at rest maintains 'is due to the presence at a high number oi _ charged ions Inside the neurons membrane. a. actively boassiyety negate-er d. positively —-' 25. " or none" is the principle stating; the: _ a neuron either fires or does not fire a neuron fires at full strength or not at alt c. all the dendrites must he receiying messages telling the neuron to fire or it Inrill not fire et all d. all somss must be receiving mes-settles telling the neuron to fire or itwill not fire at all Which ct the {cite-wing is true about n'lyelin'? It‘s a fatty substance. B. it is ootrered by atoms. C. It inhihits neural communication. . it slows clown neuronal opere‘tlon s. 2?. Sara hes bee-n experiencing a serious memory'problem. An irlterd'rsoiltzllirrenr team has ruled I:Jut a range of causes and but:le that a neurotransmitter is anus-ism. Which neurotransmitter is mos: likety int-eluted in this prohlem":I a. GAEA b. LitthHHElHE- c. serotonin estyldtoline 28. Which structure is like a leckud old-u: that only certain nuurettarlsrntttor keys can. uztlod-t'? a. synopses @reoemor sites c. I'IE'UFFll chiasms d. response terminst 29. The central nervous system oonsists of __ a. the parasympathetic and sympathetic We the brain and spinal mrd . :nusctcc and glands o. sense organs and sensory neurons so. I. lent muscles ere controlled by the nenrous system. a. somatic sylcnomic c. symptomatic o. parasympathetic at. the autonomic Hess system has tnro dlylsms called 1m and the _ — _____ a. central; peripheral path—Hails h. parasympemafifleceptors: c. shectcrs llrnlclc; oanc—‘nne ' "—— 32. The coresymcsfitetic branch of the autonomic nervous system is responsible for which of line lolltm-ing‘? e. Increased heart rate b. dilation of pupils increased ssiiyation d. oeoressed digestion ,.'r-'_ ...
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