Psych 1000 F'10 Exam 4 - Version 4 F ’[0 Exam 4 Multiple...

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Unformatted text preview: Version 4 F ’ [0 Exam 4 Multiple Choice ( 1.25 pts each. 2: Please read each question carefully and mark your answer on the scantron. 1. Threatening events that have a relatively short duration and a clear endpoint are known as stressors; while stressors are threatening events that occur over and over with no apparent time limit. a. minor; chronic (W acute; chronic 0. chronic; minor (1. acute; minor 2. Two blockbuster movies are opening on the same weekend, and Andrea is having trouble deciding which movie to see first. Andrea is experiencing . a risk-aversion conflict @ an approach—approach conflict /2./ an avoidance-avoidance conflict d. an avoidance—approach conflict 3. What area of psychology is concerned with how psychological factors relate to the causation, prevention, and treatment of physical illness? health psychology b. psychoimmunology c. industrial psychology d. positive psychology 4. Winona has a lO—page term paper due first thing in the morning, and she still has over half the paper leftto write. At the same time her boyfriend is insisting that she come to the concert that evening Where he will be performing his first violin solo. She knows that she needs to work on the paper, but she also knows her' boyfriend will be disappointed if she doesn’t attend the concert. Winona is MOST likely feeling a. pressure frustration / vacillation A? burnout 5. The emotional and physiological reaction to a threat that increases an organism’s readiness for action is called a. catharsis b. primary appraisal @ the fight—or-flight response d. resistance 6. The relationship of stress and physical illness is BEST described as a result of xéa’ffl stress reduces immune functioning b. stress reduces physiological arousal c. stress increases immune functioning (1. stress increases physiological arousal 7. During the stage of Selye’s general adaptauon syndrome, arousar decreases curu arc Wu, u resources may be depleted. a. resistance b. recovery (Cc? exhaustion ~d. alarm reaction 8. Which of the following is NOT a step of rational coping? a. acceptance b. understanding exposure c. @ denial 9. Jeremy was mugged while leaving the gym one day. Now he puts on an overly happy attitude but won’t wear his favorite running shorts, and ignores his co—workers when they ask if he’d like to go exercise with . them. What type of coping best describes what Jeremy is doing? a. rational coping (b) repressive coping c. reframing d. locus of control 10. Virginia has wanted to be a physician for as long as she can remember, but multiple factors have blocked her from achieving her goal of entering medical school. Virginia is probably experiencing fl burnout b. learned helplessness c. regression £14 frustration 11. Research has demonstrated that humor at? does nothing related to stress (b: increases negative emotional responses to stress ' @ makes it easier to calm down after a stressful event (1. increases our sensitivity to pain 12. is a personality factor that positively influences health. pessimism hardiness c. anger d. restraint Q?” 13. On average, compared to women, a man who is stressed is likely to to deal with the stressor. Q tum to alcohol or drugs ruminate 0. eat d. turn to friends for help 14. Which of the following is a characteristic of abnormal behavior? a. deviant b. maladaptive 0. causes personal distress (@ all of the above 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Which model is used the most when dealing with psychological disorders? a. the learning model /b’. the humanistic model c. the medical model @: the psychodynamic model Someone who has difficulty forming close relationships and has peculiar manners of speaking is best described by which personality disorder? a. borderline / dependent @. schizoid d’. antisocial Damian has sudden attacks of overwhelming anxiety in which his heart pounds and he can’t control his breathing. He never knows when the next attack is going to occur. In this case, Damian’s symptoms are MOST consistent with @ generalized anxiety disorder. a conversion disorder. 0. panic disorder. (6.” schizophrenia. Suddenly Jane cannot remember the birth of her son or the first 5 years of his life. The forgetting of this important life period is most likely a. dissociative fugue. @ dissociative amnesia. c. dissociative identity disorder. d. somatization disorder. Somatoform disorders involve a the deliberate faking of physical illness. @ apparent physical illness caused by psycholOgieal factors. c genuine physical illness caused in part by psychological factors. d. psychological disorders that respond to medical intervention. The psychological disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure is / fugue b major depressive disorder Q generalized anxiety disorder. (1. bipolar disorder. Which of the following DSM classifications is for clinical syndromes? a. Axis I b. Axis II /@ Axis III d. Axis IV Bipolar disorder is considered to be a disorder, whereas major depressive disorder is considered to be a - disorder. a. mood; personality b. personality; mood c. dysthymic; cyclothymic @ cyclothymic; dysthymic 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. When Kate comes home from work every day, she has to lock the door 5 different times, stomp her feet 5 different times, and then check the door lock again. In this case, Kate’s symptoms are most consistent with generalized anxiety disorder. panic disorder. bipolar disorder. obsessive—compulsive disorder. P‘PP‘P Legally, a person can be involuntarily committed to a mental hospital against their will if they are a. a harm to themselves. b. a harm to others. 0. d. in need of treatment. all of the above Bob is a schizophrenic who believes that he is Britney Spears. This characteristic is most closely related to which type of schizophrenia? Paranoid b. Catatonic © Disorganized d Undifferentiated The mass release of thousands of patients from mental hospitals and asylums starting in the 19605 is called a. involuntary commitment. b. institutionalization. deinstitutionalization. d. etiology. A disorder such as anorexia‘nervosa is thought tobe a culturally bound disorder that is mostly only found in affluent Western societies. a culturally bound disorder that affects all Western societies. a disorder that only exists in Eastern societies. a culturally universal disorder. P‘PP‘Q The term psychotherapy refers to used in the treatment of mental disorders and psychological problems. @ approaches based on learning principles b. approaches based on “talk therapy” c. approaches based on altering physiological functioning via medication (1. all the diverse approaches A psychotherapist who participates in complex verbal interactions with clients in order to enhance clients’ understanding of themselves and their problems would be classified as @ an insight therapist. a behavior therapist. c. a biomedical therapist. d. a homeopathic therapist. Which of the following is NOT one of the main categories of treatment we discussed in class? insight therapies revelation therapies behavior therapies biomedical therapies we?» 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. Dr. Brittain uses a therapeutic technique that focuses on providing a supportive emotional climate for clients, who in turn play a major role in determining the paceand direction of therapy. Most likely Dr. Brittain is a a. rational—emotive therapist. b. person—centered therapist. psychoanalytic therapist. d. Gestalt therapist. When examining the effectiveness of a treatment, an individual’s improvement could be the result of a. natural improvement over time. b. translucence. c. refusing treatment. @ none of the above. A therapist cures a man of his sexual attraction to children by pairing pictures of children with painful electric shocks. The procedure being used here is a. systematic desensitization. ‘9. aversion therapy. 0. extinction. d. a token economy. Questioning one’s automatic assumptions and replacing them with realistic beliefs are the major tools of a. insight-rehearsal training. b. rational—emotive therapy. @ cognitive restructuring. ' (1. social skills training. Dan is taking an antipsychotic drug to help with his schizophrenia. After taking the drug for a while, Dan starts developing facial tics and involuntary muscle movements. What is likely going on here? a. spontaneous relapse b. spontaneous recovery c. spontaneous withdrawal @ tardive dyskinesia Inserting electrodes into the brain to help regulate mood disorders is an example of what kind of treatment? C? Deep brain stimulation ' . Electroconvulsive (ECT) therapy 0. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (1. Magnetic resonance imaging therapy Stephanie has an extreme fear of being in elevators. Her therapist first starts talking to Stephanie about elevators until Stephanie can talk about them without anxiety. Her therapist then shows Stephanie pictures of elevators until Stephanie can look at them without anxiety. Eventually they get to the point where Stephanie can be inside an open elevator and finally ride in a closed elevator. What type of treatment is going on here? a. Aversion therapy Systematic desensitization c. Insight therapy (1. Biological treatment Un vering the patterns of negative, illogical thinking is at the core of cognitive therapy. b. reality therapy. 0. behavioral therapy. d. client-centered therapy. 39. To get the best possible outcome in treatment, is biomedical treatment or therapy treatment better? a. Biomedical treatment is always better. b. Therapy treatment is always better. c. An equal combination of the two is always better. @ It depends on the disorder and the severity of the disorder. 40. Ana has been seeing a therapist for five years. At the start of each session she describes any dreams that she has had since her last session.‘Her therapist analyzes the symbolism in these dreams, and helps Ana understand the unconscious conflicts that underlie the dreams. In this case, Ana is most likely seeing a therapist who is trained in a. the person-centered approach. b. rational—emotive therapy. c. biofeedback therapy. /@ psychoanalysis....
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