Final Exam A - FINAL Psychology 1000 1 point(per...

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Unformatted text preview: FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point (per question (50 points total) Version A Page 1 Name: R: l 3( i 5% 33 Date: ‘ a} (“x 1. When your 3—year-old sister threw a tantrum over the candy she wanted, your mother gave it to her so that she would calm down. From your mother's perspective, the OH candy bar served as a(n): a) reward;\ b) unlikely punisheri positive reinforcer. d) negative reinforcer. ’ £5. Researchers studying opiates such as morphine were surprised that they fit exactly into neural receptors. The reason is that the brain produces its own version of an opiate for pain relief, called: (Ax \2? endorphins. c) garnrna—aminobutyric acid (GABA). serotonin. T d) norepinephrine. E 2 3. Current research indicates that a student who stays up all night “cramming” for an exam is most likely to: a) do poorly on the exam. 0' b) be at risk for early death. "5”: recall more exam material than students who got a full night of sleep. develop symptoms of anxiety. 4. In a literature class, students sit in a circle and discuss the works they are reading; no one has to raise a hand before speaking. In a physics class, however, the instructor expects hands to be raised before students speak. Which process allows students to 0.. behave appropriately in both situations? "fl .\ . a) discrimination @ generalization c) consequences (1) antecedents f The phase of the general adaptation syndrome in which the body shuts down “ unnecessary processes like digestion and sex drive is called: ,. Q, 1aka)" alarm. b) resistance. c) exhaustion. (1) reaction. DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE IN STUDENT 1D & NAME Version A Page 1 FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point per question (50 points total) Version A Page 2 3‘6. The just noticeable difference (IND) is: the minimal intensity needed to just barely detect a stimulus. b) decreasing sensitivity to a stimulus over time. c) sensitivity to a stimulus in the presence of noise. d) the minimal change in a stimulus that can just barely be detected. Q2 7. If you were asked not to think about a snowman, it is most likely that you would: a) think of a snowman only if you were very stressed. be more likely to think about a snowman. c) be successful if you set your mind to the task. d) think of a snowman only a few times. IL 38. Anthony needs to run several errands on the way home from school. He imagines the route he drives each day and pictures each of the things he needs to buy from certain stores along the route. What technique of memory is Anthony probably using? a) chunking ' c) encoding specificity @Visual imagery encoding d) elaborative encoding & 9. The police are looking for a suspected felon who is likely to be attending a crowded soccer match. They do not, however, want to have to detain and question many innocent people. What strategy should they use? (:39 extremely conservative c) slightly liberal b) extremely liberal (1) Slightly conservative Q10. Ian is convinced that a child who broke 12 cups accidentally did a worse thing than a ’ ’ child who deliberately broke one cup. According to Piaget, Ian is judging morality in terms of its: 0*- rs». a) intentions. b) principles. consequences. d) prescriptions. ; 11. The smallest meaningful units of language are: a) morphenies. 1)) sentences. phonemes. d) phrases. DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE IN STUDENT ID & NAME Version A Page 2 15. 1 a) psychoanalysis ® social psychology / 16. \0 \ 17. FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point per question (50 points total) Version A Page 3 . In the middle of a conversation your friend suddenly falls deeply asleep. When he awakens, he informs you that this has happened on several occasions when he becomes excited. Your friend probably has a disorder knovvn as: a) night terrors. b) sleep paralysis. narcolepsy. d) slee apnea. P . Susie was telling her best friend John about how awesome her summer had been. She told him everything she remembered that happened. Susie could not stop saying, “I remember” While talking to John. What part of memory was Susie using? a) semantic b) procedural ® explicit d) implicit . Anthony asked his roommate if he could borrow 50 dollars; his roommate refused. Then Anthony asked if he could borrow just 10 dollars instead, and his roommate lent him the money. This is an example of: a) the foot—in—the—door technique. b) systematic persuasion. r c) heuristic persuasion. the door-in—the-face technique. Lance notices that when he rides his bike with Cheryl, he rides faster than when he rides by himself. Which psychological approach would best explain this behavior? 0) evolutionary psychology cl) phrenology When a patient has multiple sclerosis, the patient cannot easily transmit information from neuron to neuron, which leads to difficulties with movement. The transmission of neurons is slowed down as a result of a deteriorating: a) synapse. b) myelin sheath. c) cell body. axon. Your friend's mother was always baking ginger—flavored cookies Whenever you were at their house. You loved those cookies, and would eat several each time you visited. One day, you noticed that you started to salivate as you walked up the front steps td the house, before you smelled the cookies. The reason for this is that entering the __ house has become a(n): mo- conditioned stimulus.-. _. unconditioned stimulus: ' e) r a) conditioned response. b) unconditioned response. DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE IN STUDENT ID & NAME Version A Page 3 FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point per question (50 points total) Version A Page 4 ('T‘\ ti . . ‘3! _ j 3218. Lisa was thrown from her motorcycle, hitting her head on the pavement and ' * damaging an area of her brain. She was able to understand what people said to her but was unable to speak to them. She probably damaged her: a) hippocampus. b) amygdala. Q) temporal loberu d) Broca‘s area. }\1 9. A state in which conscious experience can be reported to others is said to be: 6 @ self—consciousness. c) unconsciousness. minimal consciousness. (1) full consciousness. L20. Joey is 10 years old. His score on an intelligence test is the same as that of an 8—year—old. We can conclude that Joey: a) may be in need of remedial education. ED is intellectually average. b) is likely to be very creative. (1) is intellectually gifted. by: 21. A common negative thought in people with depression is: a) paranoia. b) fear of others. c) optimism. low self-worth. l 22. Janice, a freshman in h1 gh school, is walking home from school. Marcus, one of the “cool” boys in her class approaches her and asks to walk with her. All of a sudden she experiences a feeling of excitement and, at the same time, she notices that her heart is s..____,__ .. pounding. The theory of emotion WEEKS-estexplain this reaction. a) Skinner—Watson b) LeDouX—Freud ® Cannon-Bde d) J ames—Lange...,fi :4 23. Which of the following statements is TRUE? a) All variables that are causally related are, by definition, not correlated with one 8 another. b) All variables that are correlated are causally related, but the causes may be unknown to the observer. ' Cc) All variables that are causally related are correlated, but not all variables that are correlated are causally related. (1) All variables that are correlated are also causally related. DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE 1N STUDENT ID & NAME Version A Page 4 FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point per question (50 points total) Version A Page 5 _/?§24. Three—month—old Maria has not yet acquired object permanence and, as a result, she will: not search for a toy that has been covered with a blanket. ) construct a schema about where the toy is hidden. c) drool when her toy is hidden under the blanket. (1) search for a long time for a toy that has been covered with a blanket. C 25. When Brent was stung by a jellyfish at the beach, the throbbing, dull pain he still felt hours later was carried by: a) A—delta fibers. b) Cfibers. @Dfibers. a) B-alpha fibers. arch studies conducted by \ 226. As part of her course requirements, Jill participates in rese hat looks like a contract that professors. Before a study begins, she is” given w describes the study, as well as the risks and benefits of participating. This best describes: c) debriefing. a) research instructions. b) demand characteristics. (9 informed consent. it}? E: 27. When every member of a population has an equal chance of being included in a sample, what sampling process is being used? \9 (2% random assignment c) convenience sampling random sampling (1) reliability sampling £28. Recent research suggests that the primary role of the amygdala is to: ® appraise the emotion—relevant aspects of a stimulus. b) monitor the need for a food stimulus. c) facilitate short-term memory. (1) provide evolutionary information to the frontal cortex. f—disciplined, and very careful about turning rganized, sel del of personality, Bonnie \ ' . . \ Q 29. Bonnie IS a good student, 0 ding to the Big Five factor mo 8:" f her work in on time. Accor would likely score high on: O.- n I I ff - a) consolentiousness. Q control. c) orderliness. d) openness to experience. DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE IN STUDENT ID & NAME Version A Page 5 FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point per question (50 points total) Version A Page 6 A30. Shawn explains that he chose to major in business management because his father insisted he be self—sufficient when he graduates; he describes his girlfriend‘s choice of a nursing major as the result of her caring, compassionate nature. This is an example 0f: (:3) the actor-observer effect. w c) cognitive dissonance. b) erroneous sexist beliefs. d) the informational effect. 31. In general, the majority of research finds that psychotherapy: a) can actually slow recovery from mental disorders. b) None of the answers are correct. c) is a waste of time. is effective for most patients?" 2 32. Which of the following is sometimes used as a treatment for severe depression when medication is NOT working? ) anterior capsulotomy fit electroconvulsive shock treatment (ECT) c) lobotorny d) cingulotomy (_ i 33. Miguel was an accomplished furniture maker and was paid well each time he produced a set number of pieces of furniture; Miguel was on a schedule. 6' a) fixed interval b) variable intervalk fixed ratio d) variable ratio E 2 34. Victor's brain is easily stimulated to a point higher than optimal, so you could assume that Victor: \9 a) is neurotic and emotionally unstable. b) engages in the environment but seeks solitude from people. c engages in the environment and seeks social reinforcement. Q) withdraws from the environment and seeks solitude. DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE 1N STUDENT ID & NAME Version A Page 6 FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point per question (50 points total) Version A Page 7 Q 35. To correctly measure a specific property of an object, the property must be and a) Visible; specificfl _ 0) identified; researchedfi 1)) defined; detected @ real; measureable {32 36. is NOT one of the three clusters chSM-IV—TR personality disorders. a) Anxious/inhibited c) Dramatic/ erratic Histrionic/depressive d) Odd/ eccentric ; 37. Damage to Wernicke‘s area results in: a) genetic dysphasia. b) great difficulty in identifying non—language sounds. c) great difficulty in understanding language. no @ failure to produce grammatical speech. _; 38. A drawback to self-report questionnaires is that: a) a psychologist has to haVe special training to interpret the questionnaire. b) they typically take a long time to administer. __ scoring requires the use of a computer. they rely on the test taker to tell the truth. Q 39. In the strange situation, one—year—old Mei Ling mildly protests her mother's departure, seeks interaction with her mother when the two are reunited, and is readily comforted by her mother. Mei Ling is showing attachment style. a) ambivalent secure c) avoidant d) disorganized ; .40. Tricyclic antidepressants such as Elavil work by keeping more in the synapses. a) ACTH and GABA norepinephrine and serotonin b) serotonin and dopamine d dopamine and norepinephrine DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE IN STUDENT ID & NAME Version A Page 7 FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point per question (50 points total) Version A Page 8 \ 2 41. Some school districts across the United States are considering paying children to attend school. This strategy is likely to because . a) succeed; children will work hard for money b) fail; it makes an intrinsic activity into an extrinsic activity :1) fail; of competition from private schools. GDmcceed; it makes an extrinsic activity into an intrinsic activity 242. Freud emphasized that the problems of many patients could be traced to: a) observable infant behavior. b) poor diet. c effects of early childhood experiences that could not be remembered.="“‘-‘"“"’ ‘ ) “mindbugs” in the brain. k 43. What are the two specialized extensions of the neuron that allow it t0'communicate? ® dendrites and axons c) axons and synapses r b) axons and myelin d) dendrites and cell'bodies Q4. You are in the high school drama club listening to the other actors practice their lines for the fall play. During rehearsal you listen and think about how the information is related to your part, which are all examples of‘ information into memory. When you read your lines and your notes and rehearse them you are working on . During a the play, you must remember your lines so you can recite them to the audience, which is called a) storage; encoding; retrieval (B encoding; storage; retrieijg_;wr b) storage; retrieval; encoding d) encoding; retrieval; storage a 45. A second—grade teacher decided to give her students some homework. The homework I was to learn as many digits as possible of the math constant pi. The student who memorized the most digits of pi for the next day would receive a reward. Which piece of advice would most help the students with their homework? a) Rehearse the digits constantly before reciting them. b) Use flash cards to study the digits. c) Functionally fix the digits onto a mental representation. (d) Chunk the digits of pi together. DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE IN STUDENT ID & NAME Version A Page 8 / FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point per question (50 points total) Version A Page 9 f“ . _ . LA 46. You are about to be mugged on a dark City street. Which nervous system would kick into gear? a) central 1)) somatic \E sympathetic d) parasympathetic 47. Ind1v1duals With antisoc1alpersona11ty d1sorder (APD) are often characterized as all of the following EXCEPT: _______,_fl._... 6 a) having impulsivity and recklessnessA c) having no remorse for wrongdoing/K b) having no regard for other people. d) having comorbid depression. \2 48. Shirin sits for hours with her head in her hands and doesn‘t move a muscle. When a nurse tries to pull her head up, she resists. Her disorder has been diagnosed as schizophrenia; her behavior suggests that the type is: .m‘ \ N a) paranoid. b) undifferentiated. c) disorganiied. d) " atatonic. K {‘3 I I V . EC“; E 49. As described in your textbook, the female response to stress is to , whereas the male response more often is n a) sleep; fight—or—flight become depressed; drinking V b) tend-and—befriend; fight-or—flight overeat; drinking 50. The appraisal process allows you to decide whether a red spot on your finger is a stressor or simply a glob of ketchup. (7“ - a) threat Kb1) primary e) secondary d) challenge g: Extra Credit! £51. A group of six college students observe a fellow student stumble and fall down a ' flight of stairs. No one goes to check to see if the student needs help. Which of the following statements BEST illustrates diffusion of responsibility? C3) 0) d) “I thought someone else would go help” “I didn’t want to embarrass the student who fell by making a big deal about it” “I was'pretty far away when it happened” “I don’t know first aid” DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE IN STUDENT ID & NAME Version A Page 9 FINAL: Psychology 1000, 1 point per question (50 points total) VersionA Page 10 . In Festinger's classic study, some participants were paid $1 for saying that a boring task was fun while others were paid $20 for saying the same thing. When participants then rated how enjoyable the task was: a) both groups gave the task equal ratings of extremely low enjoyabilit b) both groups gave the task equal ratings of extremely high enjoyability. the $1 group rated the task as more enjoyable than the $20 group. the $20 group rated the task as more enjoyable than the $1 group. DO NOT FORGET TO BUBBLE 1N STUDENT ID & NAME Version A Page 10 ...
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