Operant Conditioning part 2 BB(2)

Operant Conditioning part 2 BB(2) - Shaping Learning that...

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Shaping Learning that results from the reinforcement of successive steps to a final desired behavior Behavior won’t always occur spontaneously, so sometimes we have to guide it. “Successive approximations” Teaching children table manners Animal tricks! Clicker training: Primary or secondary reinforcer?
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Superstitious Behaviors Accidental reinforcement? Skinner (1948): Pigeons demonstrated ‘superstitions’ Illusory Correlation: perceiving relationship among variables when one doesn’t exist Hitting home runs on days that you don’t shower. Lucky pair of underwear on days your favorite football teams plays.
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Schedules of Reinforcement Skinner (1979): Perhaps save time and effort with not reinforcing rats every time? Classical: Sheer number of learning trials Operant: Pattern of reinforcement Interval Schedule: Reinforcement schedule based on time Ratio Schedule: Reinforcement schedule based on a specified number of responses Fixed:
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