Psych 1000 F'10 Exam 3 v2 - r‘(u Exam 3 Version 2 Exam 3...

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Unformatted text preview: r‘ (u Exam 3 - Version 2 Exam 3 Multiple Choice g 1.25 pts each. 1: Please read each question carefully and mark your answer on the scantron. 1) 2) 3) 4)‘ 5) 6) According to Piaget, during what stage of cognitive development do children come to realize that an object continues to exist even when they cannot see it or touch it? a. sensorimotor 2M" - 1 “Vt (Q preoperational '1 “’1 I c. concrete operational '7 > I I d. formal operational H- “4“” Which prenatal stage is the most susceptible to developmental damage from a mother smoking, drinking, being malnourished, or getting a serious infection? @ germinal b. embryonic c. fetal (1. They are all equally as bad The sequence of age-related changes that occur as a person progresses from conception to death is known as a. maturation. b. the perinatal period. {a development. d. childhood. Developmental norms refer to the at which a developmental change typically occurs. (,9? mean age ' ‘ b. median age 0. modal age ,d/ abnormal age Theoretically, whether a baby is considered to be easy, difficult, or slow-to-warm—up refers to the baby’s a. attachment style. ((5! temperament. c. behavior when the mother leaves it alone in a room with a stranger. d. behavior when the mother comes back in the room after leaving it alone with a stranger. Research shows that marital satisfaction typically reaches its lowest level when spouses a. are married without children. b. have pre-school children. @ have teenagers. d. have an empty nest. 7) Mercedes takes her l-year-old son, Justice, to Visit a day—care center where she plans to enroll him. Justice eagerly explores the playroom as long as Mercedes is present. When his mom leaves the room to fill out some forms, Justice becomes somewhat upset, but when Mercedes returns, he quickly calms down. This is the type of interaction you might observe between a child and a parent who a. share an avoidant attachment relationship. b. share an anxious-ambivalent attachment relationship. @ share a secure attachment relationship. (1. have not yet developed an attachment relationship. 8) Ten-year—old Sherry watches as you flatten one of two equal-sized balls of clay into a pancake. Sherry says they both still have the same amount of clay, demonstrating that she understands a. seriation. conservation. c. inductive reasoning. d. hierarchical classification. 9) An individual’s unique style of behaving, thinking, and feeling is known as a. collectivism. b. individualism. personality. an archetype. 10) In Erikson’s stage theory, Erikson called the key theoretical underpinning at each stage ' a. psychosexual conflicts. b. conscious vs. unconscious conflicts. c. self-actualization. {{6}} psychosocial crises. 11) One of the big theoretical problems with stage theories such as Erikson’s or Kohlberg’s is that a. there are too many stages. b. there aren’t enough stages. © an individual can be in multiple stages at once. d. the stages only apply to childhood. 12) Which of the following is NOT a personality trait directly associated with the five-factor model of personality? a. agreeableness b. conscientiousness Q) sensation seeking d. openness to experience 13) Jim is 75 years old, and recently he left his house and drove to a nearby town without having any idea of what he was doing or any recollection afterwards about why he made the trip. If a series of events like this starts to happen to Jim, he is probably developing Q1) dementia. Parkinson’s disease. c strokes and cerebral hemorrhages. d. neuronal loss that is part of the normal aging process. 14) One of the biological reasons hypothesized to be related to risky behavior in adolescents is the development of a. primary sex characteristics. b. secondary sex characteristics. 29 the prefrontal cortex. d. the reticular activating system. 15) Jenny is 21 years old. She is a senior in college and living away from home, but she is still financially and emotionally dependent on her parents. She is also exploring different roles during this time in her life. According to Jeffrey Amett, she is in the stage of development known as a. adolescence. @ emerging adulthood. 0. young adulthood. d. adulthood. 16) According to the five-factor model of personality, people who score high in are characterized as outgoing, sociable, fun—loving, and friendly. a. neuroticism (@ extraversion c. conscientiousness d. openness to experience 17) The name—letter effect suggests people often choose the first letter of their name as their favorite letter. This effect best represents self-verification self—determinism. internal locus of control. implicit egotism. 9.0.0469 18) Psychodynamic personality theories focus on a? an individual’s fi'eedom and potential for growth. b. genetic factors. 0. unconscious mental forces. d. learning. 19) Eysenck’s biological perspective on personality development said that personality traits a. have no heritability. @ have various degrees of heritability. c. have 100% heritability. (:1. cannot be measured. 20) A Freudian might explain a compulsive smoker’s or drinker’s behavior as being the result of fixation at the a. anal stage. @ oral stage. c. latency stage. (1. genital stage. 21) According to Freud, the component of personality that operates according to the reality principle is the conscious. b. superego. ((9 ego. d. id. 22) The idea that spouses tend to be of approximately equal intelligence, among other characteristics, is evidence of matching hypothesis. proximity hypothesis. attitude-behavior consistency principle. attributional outcome principle. 99¢@ 23) When people give a false but plausible excuse to justify their unacceptable behavior, they are using . a. reaction formation. b. displacement. ‘ rationalization. d. regression. 24) Whether a person’s left side of their face matches the right side of their face has to do with , whereas how similar a person’s face looks to the average face has to do with 7—9 symmetry; typicality. b. typicality; symmetry. 0. symmetry; propinquity. d. propinquity; typicality. ‘ 25) In Jung’s theory, emotionally charged images and thought forms that have universal meaning are ”til ~ archetypes. prototypes. mandalas. central memories. Pa“? 26) Which of the following can be a weakness associated with self-report inventories? a. social desirability bias b. response sets c. deliberate deception K9 all of the above 27) Janice was shown a series of cards with pictures of people in vague, ambiguous scenes and asked to describe what she thought was happening in each scene. Janice was given a(n) test called the a. objective; MMPI b. projective; Rorschach projective; TAT d. subjective; 16PF 28) The branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals’ thoughts, feelings, and behaviors influence others and are influenced by others is @- personality psychology. 'b. social psychology. 0. clinical psychology. d. cultural psychology. 29) Research suggests that people who are physically attractive are viewed as than less attractive people. a. more conceited, and insecure, and less competent b. more sociable, and poised, but less competent @ more friendly, happy, and competent d. more arrogant, insecure, and competent 30) Abraham Maslow called the need to fulfill one’s potential the need for a. affiliation. . achievement. @ self—actualization. d. power. . 31) Widely held beliefs about groups of people based on their group membership are a. prejudices. b. discrimination. @ stereotypes. d. schematizing. 32) Jeff takes an Algebra test on Tuesday, and aces it. Jeff says he did well because he’s smart. On Wednesday, Jeff takes a Biology test and fails it. Jeff says the test was too hard and that the professor didn’t prepare them enough. These attributions probably reflect . . the Actor/ Observer Bias. '6 the Fundamental Attribution Error. 0. the Self-Serving Bias. ”2 stereotypes about Biology exams. 33) The bystander effect suggests that pro-social helping behavior decreases more when @ group size increases. b. group size decreases. c. there is propinquity among group members. (1. there is proximity among group members. 34) Research has shown that proximity is the strongest predictor of a. friendships b. enemies both friendships and enemies neither 35) In his research on conformity in making perceptual judgments, Asch found that a. conformity did not change much with group size. b. group size affected conformity, but group unanimity did not. / increasing group size reduced conformity. both group size and group unanimity affected the degree of conformity. 36) Kathy normally thinks of herself as a nice, helpful person. However, one day Kathy is having a really bad day and she’s in a very bad mood. While walking down the street, a homeless man stops her and asks her for money. Kathy yells, “Go to hell!” to the man and keeps walking. Later when Kathy is thinking about this incident, she becomes uncomfortable with how she acted. She is likely experiencing a. conformity. b. obedience. ((9 cognitive dissonance. d. cognitive congruence. 37) Tina recently lost over half the money she had put away for her retirement. Joe concludes that Tina lost the money because the stock market took a significant downturn, but Kristin concludes that Tina lost the money because she is careless and not good at handling finances. J oe’s attribution is , Whereas Kristin’s attribution is a. internal; external. (:15? external; internal. c. both are external d. both are internal 38) In Milgram’s classic study, a participant “teacher” was more likely to give electric shocks to a confederate “student” if the experimenter accepted all responsibility. Milgram’s study demonstrated the negative aspects of a. conformity. b. social learning. c. prosocial behavior. obedience. 39) For an upcoming election, John feels that a new tax on guns is good and should pass,'whereas he: * .._. feels that a new tax on gasoline is bad and should not pass. These examples are best described 215519.: J ohn’s a. prejudices / . stereotypes c , self-serving biases @ attitudes 40) Terrence wants an iPhone for his birthday, so he first asks his parents for a new car. When they say “no,” then he asks them for the iPhone. This example best represents: a. norm of reciprocity b. foot—in—the—door technique c. shutting-the—door method (d? door-in-the-face technique ...
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