Psychology Major Concepts Sheet

Psychology Major Concepts Sheet - Psychology Major Concepts...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychology Major Concepts Sheets 1. Definition of and Approaches to Psychology: 1. Philosophical Roots (Descartes, Locke) 1.1. Philosophical roots are found in the desire to know what the brain is thinking. The philosophy of the mind. 1.2. Descartes was a devout catholic and was a student of the natural sciences. He did many things and tried to tie them all together. 1.1.1. He was very widely read and began to see contradictions between what people believed 1.1.2. Descartes believed that humans have a mind and soul, free will and are able to make decisions 1.1.1.1. We are our agents and set our own goals. 1.1.3. At the same time, he realized there were laws of nature that apply to everything, including psychology. 1.1.1.1. The problem is how these fit together. 1.1.1.2. Mind-Body Dualism (unique to humans) 1.1.1.1.1. This is the concept that the Body is affected by the Laws of Nature, but the soul is separate. He thought Pineal Glands in the brain connected the soul and the body. 1.1.1.1.2. Thought there was something different about humans that allowed us to see things differently than other animals. 1.1.1.3. Core Belief: The mind is determined by the nature of being Human 1.3. John Locke was a British Empiricist and didn’t agree with Descartes. 1.1.1. He wanted to deal only with things able to be sensed. He believed that humans are the sums of their senses. 1.1.1.1. His view of the mind was that at birth there is nothing – a tabular rasan (a blank slate). As you age, the compilation of experiences forms the mind into what it now is. 1.1.1.2. Locke believed that our mind is NURTURED, which establishes the conflict between nature and nurture. 1.1.2. At this point in time philosophical arguments were never tested, and these didn’t add much to the advancement of Psychology. 2. Structuralism (Wilhelm Wundt, Tichener) 2.1. Wilhelm Wundt focused on Structuralism and intended to do SCIENCE not philosophy. 2.1.1. He was focused on advancement and wanted to explore the SCIENCE OF THE MIND. 2.1.1.1. Sciences at this time were taking a Reductionism approach to understand the structure and functionality of what they were studying. 2.1.1.2. Wundt wanted to use this Reductionism approach to study the science of the mind. 2.1.2. This desire to study the mind with a reduction approach is
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
presented with a nagging question: What is the mind? 2.1.3. Wundt decided to use introspection to study the mind 2.1.1.1. To do this he did several things: 2.1.1.2. Presented participants with stimuli and wanted the participants to break it down to its ELEMENTAL structure. 2.1.1.3. This required self reporting 2.1.1.4. He was then to replicate this other items with the ultimate goal of coming up with the same elemental descriptions. 2.1.4. Wundt came up with three elements of self reporting: 2.1.1.1. Sensations: Experiences 2.1.1.2. Images: self-generated stimuli 2.1.1.3.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern