Psychological Disorder Treatment Lecture notes

Psychological Disorder Treatment Lecture notes - Who...

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Who Provides Treatment? Therapists have widely varying backgrounds and training, and this affect the kids of services they can offer. 1) Psychologists: Practices psychotherapy and holds a doctorate with specialization in clinical psychology. Extensive training in therapy, assessment of psychological disorders, and research. Sometimes have specialty, such as working with adolescents or helping overcome sleep disorders. 2) Psychiatrists: Medical doctor who had completed an MD with specialized training in assessing and treating mental disorders. Can prescribe medications, and some also practice psychotherapy. General practice physicians can also prescribe medications for mental disorders, but they do not typically receive much training in diagnosis or treatment of mental disorders and do not practice psychotherapy. 3) Social workers: Have master’s degree in social work and have training in working with people in dire life situations such as poverty, homelessness, or family conflict. Receive training to help people in these situation who have mental disorders. 4) Counselors: Have master’s degree and extensive training in therapy. Often have specific training in education settings. Why People Cannot or Will not Seek Treatment Despite the high prevalence of psychological problems in the general population, most people who suffer do not receive help. One survey of more than 1600 adults diagnosed with depression or an anxiety disorder found that only 30% received appropriate treatment. People fail to get treatment because of three major problems. 1) People may not realize that their disorder needs treatment. Mental illness is often not taken nearly as seriously as physical illness, perhaps because the origin often cannot be detected by a blood test or x-ray. 2) There may be barriers to treatment, such as beliefs and circumstances that keep people from getting help. Most believe they should be able to handle things themselves. In some cases, families discourage their loved ones from seeking help because the public acknowledgement of a psychological disorder may be seen as an embarrassment to the family. In others, there might be financial obstacles such as lack of medical insurance. 3) Even people who acknowledge they have a problem may not know where to look for services. Often, finding the right psychologist can be very difficult…it is not as easy as flipping through the yellow pages. This confusion is understandable given the different methods for therapy. Approaches to Therapy
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Treatments can broadly be broken down into two kinds. 1) Psychotherapy: person interacts with a psychotherapist 2) Medical/biological therapy: Mental disorder is treated with drugs or surgery Psychotherapy: Healing the mind through interaction Psychotherapy is an interaction between a therapist and someone suffering from a psychological problem(s) with the goal of providing support or relief from the problem. The majority of psychotherapists use a single approach, although there are some that use different
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