Psychology Exam 1 - "General Psychologyffijring...

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Unformatted text preview: .' "General Psychologyffijring 2013 [Exam #q' I leflk-Form [Pat Dnthescfim._r.. - ~ - _' tau do ”0:31;?" Write yew name {lost-name first) and student numbgr and filldin the corresponding circles completely fircle on t he S ”W “959 instructions, your exam may not be graded, ‘ Answer eachquE-Stion and fill"? the correSpondin _ Cantmn. Each question is Worth one point ' - ' ' ' ' ' Wm». Mun-1n DMIKHWE‘, 1. in the diagram above, which corresponds best to the cerebellum? (2/8/13 lecture, pp. 90-91) 1.1 2.2 3.3 5,5 . '.- 2, How do neurons communicate? {2/6/13 lecture, on. 80-82) 1. terminal buttons bind to receptor sites on adjacentdendrites. a neurotransmitters cross the. synapse and bind with receptors on a pastsyna'ptic dendrite 3. electrical signals jump across the synapse to the adjatent neuron 4, chemicals released Into the synapse are converted into neurotransmitters that bind with receptors 5. none are correct ' ’3’ A“ odor [5 most likewieqwd‘i‘d by a(n)'_____ {2/13/13 lecture, Pp. 142-145) 1. a single receptor S'Pe-Ci-é'lz'ecl for ”if” DdOr 3. single olfactory and a 5mg"? EU-Statory receptor . @acti-vation pattern aCF'OSS manV-WP-es of olfactofv and gustatory receptor types ctlvation patter-n across many receptor types 4 The- capturelS) the incoming chemical signal while the _ releasel‘S) the chemical Signal (2/4 & . I p.” '77. Eff-'3- hwk at?) " 2/5/13 lectures, _ _ _.dend'rit'es ‘ 2.:ellbody;a-xon 3.a.xon;ce||body - ' - filtermmalbuttons. - _ @de'idrltes-term' - - - _ . mal buttons . Doctrine prfiposed b Sant'. O R . O Y c. -.al {2 - - the Neuron . __ Y lag am n a; . [4/13 1 5. Accordmgafies from communication between nerve cells ecture) 1. behavtior- nsistent and predictable communication between nerve cells '2. there Is £0 ent ofthe nervous system Is not random . m - 3. the afra‘lge . are correct 1. 2 and 3 are correct _ - it is alwa‘fs Possible that an unmeasured variable is re$ponsi 'udteS: - - . _ file. for t‘ . . (3'. In corralatl?nksr1town a ___,,.-r (2/1/13 le§turE. Ch. 2 motors e .12, p. 3.9) . he re'atlon of interest. This complica.ti0”_'5 , ' " E'XPErimenterexpectancy effects - 1 observer 5"Ian551 or problem 6 he third variable problem ' th ' 3 the cilia? ' -' iHt ‘nlil .t- GeneralPsychology/Spring2IJ13/t'fimm/I “ I '"l’ifil " ' - - , - - vhilti- tie— the olway X i W '61 h B' w t plain Whvvour'sls‘er's [SterEDtYpiCaiiYi"foitiilliiio" infirm” i . .,|-ow W o n a so“ ex I . I- overt ? 2?. 3i. titre ll. 1!: . _ . . _ . _ Cmderela __§_r§i {1/ #1 dc .,H _ _ _ ‘ o ddlfii wears pink dresses and prefers to watchemamine levels, Which increases the Hun”)? iii-1.17;:.'?il.'.5-'i;oeit 5 the number of men she meets, which incl ”Hm iidiiovilii'fi mm LDIspiaying. feminine behaviors l-ncreajs sexare “1 conflict. which produces these VE‘l‘Y fell 1. Displaying feminine behaviors increase p§Uiiconsclous- mental processes regagding I -- ' - .nsc‘ious min . _ ., . . V .V a eiijioiggrtrigiflerrsfoke harshly to her when She Played With "boYS’ tors” idea truths and 10V still”. 5.1301'1 1 and 2 are correct :3. Which best describes John B. Watson’s Little Albert experiment? (1/28/12 lecture) ‘ 1. Superior parenting behaviors ie-So reinforcement) led a b°Y hm“ ‘0 a Vfil’Y i500? {WNW 1- 7 _ . 2. interior parenting behaviors (2.9... punishment) led a boy born to a wealthy family to hetero-e o very ill 3..-Clas'slcal music (-e.g., Mozart) increased the-denSlty of cortical neurons and Eii'ii‘Ji‘l pdier‘i‘ilnl il'olliienty. . ii i (bit child was conditioned to show fear (e.g.. cry] WhEn shown a varietyof may, white items (oi-3., n hllrlny to J i ll. ti. both. 1 :and 2 aretorrect o lJiZiCUliifi it very i'lth llldlir inr Iii-"iii. 9. in the movie..- Goldfin or James Bond sips brandy (alcohol) and Immediately identifies the rhinitis age and blending. What part of'hls-brain contributes most to his ability to identify (name) i taste? (2/13/13 lecture) --1--l“edulla I-amvsdala 3-h-vpothalamus 4.thaiamus . gustatory cortex to. The receptors- for the sense of __-ar-e 10:33th in papillae=.- {2/13/13 lecture, (#114044?) 17. hearing 2. vision % smell @ taste it. Acrirninologist reports thatas the number of guns owned in a community increases, the iiti-ii’limi' of murders committed decreases. This reflects a __ correlation. (1/30/13 lecture, pp. 66-»63) 1. positive Q) negative 11’. When researchers collect enough data to develop a general explanation {3wa people behave its they do, the researchers are creating Bin) ___. (1/30f13 lecture, Ch. 2 hwk Grill & 2, pp. 31-33) @heory - iz-l‘experiment ! hypothesis @EEHEI‘EIIM'liGn gfltggncemion' OWE __isfi'xed,_ whereasone’s dis-always changing throughout o‘n'e's lifetime". (Ch. 3 hwk Grail-4, p; (gpgenotype; phenotype '2. phenotype; genotype .genotype; dominant gene 4. dominant gene: EEHOWPE :41. A Ps'ircholo'gist is interested in social media in college students. The DSYChfllpgistJolng a Miami student Farm-ll] Dl‘i 3:32:30" and '5 active In the discussions. This research approach ls best described as n... {1/30 at 3/1/13 lecture-S, PP. gnarticipant observation 2. naturalistic observation 3'. 3 (Nail ”WWW": - Sim“ be“ dismb“ the ”Slimmna'vfic (Fret-1d)" them-r Dl‘ dreams-“l (2/13/13 lecture, pp. Ch. s not (11112. n. so?) ldrettrns are insrght to unoonscrous Conflict 3.13333?“ way to intégmeand store information during. the day .dedream ? en the “Benin; mind r"making sense." of random brain activity _ s s mulate threatening events to help develop coping strategies ' I General Psychology/Spring 2013] Exam #1 I Pink Farm / Pa El? 3' 16] W I I ‘ 4: .. . I I I ‘ mi, ask-25' $3123???“ morn likely reflect. the commcnts of a COEnitlve psychologist about. his research? (Ch-1 hwk am I l ' I 1' " ‘P‘il'urFJ C _ I . , I i I a . ' ' i. . . e . I ,1 "Myliflgmim brain lit WWII“ bymwday Bilt'pcrloncos,” I ' it Want m? ”'30“! athow romantic relationships- are affected by social media” I " mow 'qu hoorilo-tolvo complex problems in omctgencvsituations.” 'i' . P 4' Im"M19515”Iiiwlioihorthvneosminim-riled." I _ l. - I Hi \INlilQh limit lilting-ll)“ héli'avipi'lsm? f1/25/13lectu‘re, Fill 14-15, Ch. 1 hwk W3) I I 217 ml i1llttiiilil; tn hrlna tho contents of the unconscious into conscious awareness so. that conflicts can Ib'e revealeci 3/. the ttlontli’lc application of psychological Principles to. change society, culture and government J' the “Tully til-tho ”WW mechanisms that underlie thought} learning and memory . on Bililihach um Wililiatlaos thorolo of environmental forces in producing behavior "h an approach that amhiiaslros the roll: of internal thoughts, within the mind, in producing. behavior 1.3. Most incl'iovlar'nl geneticist: lira primarily interested in ___. (Ch. Shwk Chills, pp. 110-113} .1. iiitritiihg tho human genome ' .1. tilteoverlng how gen-o5 control psychological, but not biological, behaviors 3.13i‘twii’ig that genes have n strongcr Influence on behavior than doesthe environment discovering the tiegroo of genetic and environmental influence on psycho-logical phenomena 19'. Neurons outsldo oftha brain and spinal cord are part oftho.___ nemussystem {2/4/13 mature; pI 75, Ch. 3 hwk all“) _ A. central .ve'rlivheiiral 3. both 1 and 2 are correct ' . . ll: 0U IOUiZli-fiflmfithlng hm. .'...._ neuronseoften called _Ine.u'r-on5—sen-d a signal from the 'Spinalcoird to your , fitted: to movo your filter. (3/4/13 lecture, cht 3 hwk and, P. 75) 6911010 ll; efferent film-“Will efferent 3. motor; afferent 4. 5e nsorv; afferent . 'I .. g « _- - '-|leestudnt h-"- . _' ' I III chOIOEM moaturesreaction time in a group of live CO 8 e .5! T 6 scores w . 3118 cfiédggtlrgg {him-t is. the. mode 0! this "data set? (2/1/13 lecture, Ch 2 hwl: 01111, pp, 65-5?) are (in Seconds) 5* '91 '- l " 'li I 1 11 “I; 415. .4" 10 ii: 1.5 + '20] / 5-) 2-. 5-thro'ugh 2-0 3. 10 .5 or found that the more class absence-s students have, the lower'their ' -- grades.' .' I t lilttr'lv correlation coefficient the professior observed b-etwaen these ”i the cool-5e tend to I ' falls 2. Mollogo pro I I 2 vanables? (1/30/13 lecture, ‘ lgléi Which lathe: mos. WI 5'5"“) 6) 0'5 :3! 'l‘ 0-5 4. either 2 or 3 would be correct 1J3 ' I - I 'I IS a metl‘ifld (if brainyt‘flgilnitggafssessos metabolic activity by using a radioactive substance in" t d . . i 17 - .. - I ' . 53 l: W ' - 185C 8 into itfi' WM am? loo-.55 4 ‘ -- - . - :. - Mill) 2 f'- tlo alma netic res . hi3 iglnoil‘ilW imaglnfll . uric n E OnanCEIm . I . I ,‘if. iiifigrifilllt; rflfiflnagi‘zm mmulaiimn (TMSl . @positron emission tomosfaphy ngrsjing (fMRi) (ill [fallaciranlnl mall I I I I er inteniled 19 SW” FWD-16"! level of'happiness by monitoring how 24 guppose a tooleai'f'I'ILI if this meawremem does not really indicate level of happine-SSII last/chill??? smile or laugh- hon w. iti‘il‘l’iit 3' ‘3 (’P- 6.4"6516h'2 Ml! (11710. 2/1/13 lecture) . ‘ gs swould Say-that .. mafia” or? {WNW-4 {-2. reliable I 9 valid 4.. event related II I dignified Ia participant‘s response-5 and named the Partltipan't’ t . ..' "w. ill“! a- filial Principle? (ch. 2 am QM. pp. soon- “a” ”searcher Would be- " ' . - Iiilno'nvmitv 3. privacy -. '. General Psychology] spring 2013 I Exam #1] Pink Form i Pagéq " '_ - ; , ' - . _ ‘ . - 3 lecture) ' - . _ - - .Wth s r concussmn? {34/1 - _ . -- ' fit is. mirnorttrrlairfaggcdgagin injury that mail 0551” When the head hits an able-Ct 0" an Obie-Ct hits the head 2 although the mechanism is unclear. it may increase the chanCe- 0f developing dementia or Atheimer’S disease Years .. after experiencing the concussion " _ _ __ . J .. 3. it does nOtalways involve a loss of consortmusriess at the time Of “HUN 4. both 1 and 2 are correct , .1: 2 and 3 are cor rECt W. The-.'effect-s of'the central nervous system on the endocrine SVStem are largely mediated by “(hm br‘amStmttu-M? This brain structure also plays an "important role in thir-St. hunger, bGdY temperature and sexuai “W'W- (Ch. 3'fiWk are a 1-3, pp. 91 a loo-101,2/8/13lecturel _ , _ 71. hippocampUs. g thalamus 3(a-mygd'ala .hypothalamus 28. What is an endocannabinoid? (2/8/13- lecture) :12; a chemical the body makes that is. similar to the actiVe ingredients in marijuana "2. a chemical that may play a role in the body's ab-ility'to decrease pain and stress ' 3. a chemical produced in the brain of people who use marijuana, but not in those who abstain from marijuana use @both 1 and 2 are correct- 7 ‘ 5'. 1, 2- and 3' are correct 28. Which best describes REM sleep? {2/18/13 lecture, pom?) . _ Ban electroencephalogram (EEG) would reveal Belt-a activity 21. there is a lack of-musde tone 3. an‘ EEG would reveal dasynchrony (rapid, irregularwavesl if. both 1 and 2 are correct @both .2 and .3 are correct 3D. Josh-went to sleep about 3-0 minutes ago. His electroencephalogram (EEG) activity contains sleep spindles and K- co‘mple'xes. Josh is in stage __' sleep. {2/18/13 lecture, 01.5. hwk (1:37, pp. 195-19?) :31 2 . 3. 3-4 (”slow-wave) 4. REM . 31. Which best describes Gestalttheory? (Ch. 1 hwk a#3. pp. 11-12, 2f1'3/131ecture} - ®idea that the Who'e 0f personal experience is- different from the sum ofparts .2- “793 that behavior is caused by unconscious internal conflicts that must be resolved to avoid 'dfifunction 3. approach that emphasr-zeS-how environmental fercES produce behavior 4' f’tUdV Of how people are influenced by their interactions with others 5' idea that the brain, nerves and nervous system underlie thought, "learning and memory - 32‘ Which is the best nurture exijla'nation (in'the nature/nurture problem) to explain why jadea'eamed a good grade 9" her college exam? {1/25/13 lecture, pp, 7.3 C}?- 1 hwk mg) I 31. She. has many synaptic connect J ' ,When she was a girl, her pa ran .Jadea's mother, father and all ions in her prefront'al cortex and hippocamp-u-s. ts reinforced studying and punished “goofing off”. fourof her grandparents have. genius—level intelligence. 33. According to the research presen {2/53/13 lecture} ted in lecture, marijuanadike drugs (agar-fists) in met-anti 0"? performance . 3. decrease intake of high-fat/high. (:an " - .4. both 1 and 2 are correct “9 food 5. 1., land 3 are-correct . General Psychology! Spring 2013 I Exam #1! Pink Form 1 Page :5 .Aclinica . . i ‘ I - acebo, .ShLPtsggznlogistf’andomw assigns people with Alzheimer’s disease to 1/13 lecture C measures Eff both groups of people on a standard test of WO-r lThe controi’groi 2 hwk QM 8‘ 5' PP: 40743) ' ' ' - The- dependentup if) the peoplewho received placebo. _ .- . The indepehderrtanahle was whether the people received drug or placebo. _ ’both 2 and 3 ar Variable W35 the. performance on the memory test.- - a I , e CDTI’ect , I I ' /5./1, 2 and 3 are correct I i. The host‘of'a‘t - -' ‘2 - ‘ - - I ' s “durif‘i-g . .- _ eiewsi _ j - - _ - - . _ .elax;rThe Per-5°" say ' . _ _ _ _ on program is Interviewmg a person who uses to r react to them." (Ch. 5 hwk CRIS, pp; re-CEEVE a test drug king memOWv Wh )m'WfU‘nE-‘Ss meditation ' 2.c0ncentrative meditation ’ aitran'scendentaimeditation .I'YOgZaI I_ a .. ' _ga2en 6- For several months Bria has'been using Xanax (a sleep medication) every night to fall :a anex 5'13 require-s hasincr'eased considerably. On Monday night Bria was Out of IXa'nax '3" Jhici‘t best destribes Brials experience on Mondavi. (2/15/13 lecture) , 3 idiopathic insomnia Z, transient insomnia ff: pse-udoinsomnia 4! MFCOIElJ-SY )iatrogenic insomnia ' ' - sleep and the amount of I d had trouble falling asleep. 37. Sterling. was. talking with his friends, when he suddenly felt extremely sleepy and his muscles were paralyzed (like in ., tEM sheep). What is Sterling experiencing? {2/15/13 lectur'e,.p. 1.98, Ch. 5 hwk (lg-3} L. idiopathic insomnia 2. transient insomnia 3. PSEudo'insomnia . @‘Iarcolepsy 5.. iatrogenic insomnia - 3.8:. Kaylee is tired and has a low level of arousal. We would likely observe ____'in her nervous system; (2/15/13 lecture) 1" low levels of adenoSine 2‘.“ high levels-of hypocretIn/orexm @high levels of adenosin-e 4‘ both 1 and 2 are correct 5. both 2 and aare correct ' -- - - leis regulated by a b‘iDiOgI-cal clock that repeats every day, which is call e d 3i“) r V . ' rrslteel‘Sl/‘llfake WC . '- ' _- I- ' 3.9g 0; 8 2/15/13 lecture, PP-lsie-ISS & 200) . ‘_ - 7 _ (Ch 5 hWk {MS - . ,. _ ,1 ' ' circadian rhythm 3. hypocre-tm 4.- orexin 5 b - r 1. sleep spindle . . I ‘ 0th 3 and 4 are correct ' dos-of Ranvier “ma-“t structures "for neuron firing? (2/5/13 lecture, ca. 40. Why are no 'eu 01;ral‘lsrnitterIs xif'they are involved in 'eUp‘tak e lithe-Y release n -- 3-5 for binding With neurotransmitter I I {heaxon that speed transmission .3 hwk oez, p; 80) .they are areas along — _ . ' e is. associated with a decree se in the amount of'the neurotransmitter. - .. 's of s-chiZOPhrema are believed to be caused by an excess of this transmitter? I: the brain. Also the I i m" r ‘ ' " rain- (2/8/13 I I . r _ _ - - i .. edure, pip ) i 2' tastosterone . 3; serotonin .dopamine ' ' - ' - ‘ . fe‘xternal or internal sens ' stimuli whereas ' - trod" 5 date stimuli- (Ch. 4 Wk QM, 2/11/13 lecture, p. 132-133} I ”he“ Processing, organizin' ‘ng of rhos 2. perception; sensation g, ' IGIeneral PsychoIogv / SWINE 2013 / Exam.#1fIP1“kF°rmIl rages hem into a meal. Nora makes dinner by redients and then c-o-mbinin81 ins mannErIr and NIora' Is cooking in a 43. 51139113] mates-dinner by looking at his 111311111113 on the meal and then selecting the ingred'e“15 5130114115 (2001043 In a .__——-I manner. (Chit: hwk (2413 pp. 167-163} - @botmmrupztop—down ' ' . 2.. top clown; bottom- up I3~I1-°IIP-d0wn;top-downI- I - ,4'. bottom- up. b01101“ Up warm summer day Which part. of the brain cl loud. crashing on the beach"? (Ch. 5 hwk Q 3 dccipital lobe .temporal lobe 44. You are walking on the beach on a conscious experience "the waves .soun .1. frontal lobe ' - I2. parietal lobe 4.5 When a neuron is at its resting potentia|____ 0/5/13 feature, pp. 77-79, Ch. 3 hwk CIIiiBIIl 1. inside the neuron is more positive than outside the neuron ©inside the neumn is more negative than outside the neuron both the inside and outside of the neuron. are of an equal electricai charge 46 According to William Brian Key's Subliminal Seduction. published' In the early 19705.“ .(2/11/13Iecture) 1. heavy metal rock bands (e. g., Judas: Priest) hide suggestions to commit violence In their music ' 2. advertisers use bright colors (e. g, red and pink) In ads because they are associated with sex and violence 3. consumers are influenced by overt sexual images in advertisements (e 3., a woman in a bikini In a beer ad) 4.. human behavior can be shaped by Images flashed extremely quickly (e. 3., one- -thr.ee thousandth ofa second] .:on.sumersII are influenced by sexuai images hidden' In advertisements (e. _g.., a penis in an ad for soda wa‘tr‘ar) 47. Rods and cones are the cells that are responsible for the detection of___ {2/11/13 lecture, Ch. 4 hWk Q#4..P.151} 1. sound 2. odor ' 3. taste 4. pain @light 4%, A subliminal stimulus, as presented in lecture, is below the absolute threshold. (2/11/13 lecture) @True ' -E’3False- 49-. The process by which a sound is transformed into .a- neural signal involveswhich of the fol-looking sequences ‘31 transformations? (Ch. 4 hwk (MS, 2/11/13 lecture, p.- 149.) ' ' @sound Wave 9 (eardrum vibration 9 pressure" wave in "fluid 41’ eardrum. vibration 9' pressure Wave in fluid. 9 sound wave 3. sound wave 9 pressure wave in fluid 9 eardrum vibration 3&7 eardrum vibration 9 sound wave 9 pressure wave in fluid SCI. Why' Iscritical thinking important In evaluating psychological research? (1/25/13 lecture, pp. 4 6) 71:; researchers deliberately lie about their findings @1191? might be significant limitations to the findings - .fi. bIIoIogy is the most important factor In behavior,- and knowing all the elements of the biological causes for behavior is . impossible . , . . 4. Ithere' Is only one clear explanation .and the researchers may not. have found it ...
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