Exam 1B - Instructions Be certain to bubble in your name(as...

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Unformatted text preview: Instructions: Be certain to bubble in your name (as it appears on your student ID) on the scantron form as follows: last name, space, first name. Write your student number in the appropriate section and the exam version on the Birthdate line of your scantron form. Circle the correct answer on your exam copy, and bubble in the correct answer on the scantron form. Be certain to place your exam in the correct pile to ensure it is graded accurately. You may take your exam copy with you to grade yourself. 1. A hypothetical account of how and why a phenomenon occurs is called a: A.) hypothesis. B) manipulation. Q theory. D) scientific speculation. 2. Scientific evidence supported the idea that facilitated communication: @ is not a useful technique for helping autistic children communicate. ' B) is a somewhat useful technique for helping autistic children communicate. C) is a very useful technique for helping autistic children communicate. D) is harmful to autistic children. 3. The myelin wrapped around an axon serves: A) as a special immune defense for the neuron. @ to increase the efficiency of transmission of the neuron. C) as a resistor that slows the speed of transmission of the neuron. D) no functional purpose. 4. The adrenal gland produces in respone to stressors. @ cortisol B) testosterone C) oxytocin D) endocrine 5. A science is defined by: A) knowledge. B) its concern with solving real-life practical problems. C) its popularity among the general public. @ its approach to gathering evidence. £53 1 . . 7. Which of the following requires individuals to consume radioactive material in order to image the brain? A) EEG g r ~ as) . . . . . \g . . . 8. Commumcatlon Within neurons is Q,“ , wh1le communication between ’ neurons is ¢,1.-es3=;.‘-;-.»L . A) fast; slow B) slow; fast Q electrical; chemical D) chemical; electrical 9. Love, described as “scores on the Schmitzencooper Love Inventory,” is an example of 21(11): A) description of measurement. B) casual observation. C unit of measurement. operational definition.’ 10. Compared with structuralists, behaviorists were much less likely to focus their research on: A) the impact of a stimulus like shock on animals. B) the effects of rewards on behavioral patterns. (C) the inner workings of the mind. D) observable actions. 11. The ethical principle of means that participants must be told the true purpose and nature of an experiment after it is over. Q informed consent B) debriefing C) protection from harm D) freedom from coercion C) Belief perseverance ---D).7Naiue realism-- 13. Psychology is the scientific study and behavior. A) memory processes @a mental processes C) human emotion D) genetics 14. was a noted structuralist. ® Wilhelm Wundt B) B. F. Skinner C) William James D) Sigmund Freud hology department chair if the university has 15. A university president asks her psyc duate psychology majors. What measure of more male or more female undergra central tendency is she asking about? A) Range BHutledi-anw 16. The part of the brain which interprets Visual information is the ® occipital lobe B) temporal lobe C) parietal lobe D) frontal lobe 17. Although Professor Johnson went to great lengths to conduct a detailed case study of a mafia kingpin and has confidence in his findings, he should be most concerned with which limitation of this research technique? The generalizibility of results B) Whether the correlations will be statistically significant C) Lack of depth D) Reliability C) decisiOn making. © all the functions listed. 19. Researchers wanted to see if adults were actually afraid of the dark by exposing them to different levels of light in a room while measuring their heart rates. In this experiment, what are the different levels of light? A v Q. CD *6 CD 5 CL ('0 B < E m E ('D ,3 independent variable C) control group D) experimental group 20. When you watch dogs play in the park or watch how your professors conduct their classes, you are engaging in a form of A) case study research B) survey research Q naturalistic observation D) psychometric study 21. The major advantage of self-report measures, like surveys, is that they are easy to administer. B) are extremely reliable and valid. C) help establish causality. D) are unaffected by the wording or phrasing of the questions. 22. In an experimenta the group does not receive the manipulation. control B) independent C) experimental D) dependent 23. Which hemisphere of the cerebral cortex is usually dominant in spatial tasks? A94 4. ' ermtspliere‘ C) the left hemisphere ® the right hemisphere 25. A is the broadest level of scientific thought. Ag—hypethesisw Wienai'defimtien C methodology theory 26. The short fibers which extend from the neurons allowing it to receive messages from other neurons are A) axons ® dendrites C) nerve bundles D) synapses 27. Students of psychology are often frustrated because there are very few, if any, clear- cut answers to many of their questions about controversial topics like marijuana use and steroids. Why are studies that provide the clearest answers not available? A) Most people in the general public are not concerned with these issues. B) It is difficult to find people who are victims of abuse or mothers who smoke marijuana during pregnancy. © Ethical guidelines in research prevent psychologists from carrying out many of these studies. ' D) Institutional review boards encourage participation in studies that may be harmful to subjects either mentally or physically. 28. Which of the following pairs of variables would most likely have a negative correlation between them? A) intelligence and college grades ii/‘H" ® hours of exercise and weight ’3 {9, C) shoe size and height fifth»; ‘ D) number of friends and happiness I H: file 29. The neurotransmitter that influences hunger, sleep, arousal, and aggressive behavior is called: Q) serotonin. . . fl. . "E -- i- ‘ 1 E' ‘ l J; - .- C) depamine. D) norepinephrine. r reasewstudy‘ correlation 31. One difficulty in conducting medical research is that participants often assume that any treatment will be effective in alleviating their symptoms. Therefore, a researcher has to design an experiment that measures the influence of A) random selection. B) medical confounds. C the Rosenthal effect. @the placebo effect. 32. In an experiment, you must {'im‘t‘a‘ " one of the variables of interest and {fitiitftfim f. the effect on a second variable. A) sample; measure B) manipulate; predict Cg observe; predict 6 manipulate; measure 33. Douglas believes that females are more polite and respectful than males. He easily recalls examples of this and constantly points out situations to others that support this belief. However, he often ignores evidence to the contrary. Douglas's belief about gender differences in socially appropriate behavior is maintained through ® belief perseverance. B) the confirmation bias. C) the hindsight bias. D) the representativeness heuristic. 34. is the analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind. A)~Reactiorrtime—r~ B) Functionalism C) Structuralism Mercusnessd 35. The small gap between adjacent neurons is the: A) glia. B) myelin sheath. © synaptic cleft. D) terminal. C) forebrain. @ cortex. 37. A refers to the way genes are expressed for an individual. A) phenotype @ genotype ) chromosome D) haplotype 8. The phrase "correlation does not equal causation" is based on: type of research methodology. B) type of statistical analyses. C) type of survey used. D) use of the scientific method. 39. Hans and Franz are identical twins who were separated at birth. They are reunited 25 years later and find that they have striking similarities (as well as some important differences). The similarities are most likely due to: A) a shared environment. B) having similar names. C having the same birthday. éshared genetic material. 40. What subdivision of the autonomic nervous system would be most associated with the phrase “wait and vegetate”? A) central nervous system @parasympathetic nervous system C) sympathetic nervous system D) somatic nervous system ...
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