Exam 3 Solutions Psych 1000 - General Psychology W/13 Exam...

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General Psychology W/13 Exam 3 Each question is worth 2 points Please use a #2 pencil and fill-in your name (Last, first) and student #( start in first space) 1. In general, we are more likely to attribute the good behavior of people we don’t like to _____, and our own good behavior to _____. 1. personal causes; situational causes 3. situational causes; personal causes 2. personal causes; luck 4. luck; situational causes 2. In the Zimbardo prison study, the behavior of the subjects 1. was caused primarily by personality differences between subjects 2. was strongly influenced by environmental factors 3. can't be explained because Zimbardo didn't use random assignment 4. was just an act and had no long lasting effects 3. One factor that contributed to the dramatic behavior of the guards and prisoners was a feeling of anonymity produced by uniforms, etc. This feeling is known as 1. social roles 3. social facilitation 2. deindividuation 4. social loafing 4. The guards in Zimbardo's prison experiment explained their own behavior using ____, but explained the prisoner's behavior using_____. 1. situational attributes; personal attributes 3. personal; personal 2. situational attributes; situational attributes 4. personal; situational 5. People tend to take personal credit for success, but blame failure on external factors. This is known as 1. fundamental attribution error 3. cognitive dissonance 2. implicit attitudes 4. self-serving bias 6. A type of social influence where a person gives in to the request of another, but does not change his/her attitude is : 1.conformity 3. diffusion of responsibility 2. compliance 4. obedience 7. The results of Milgram’s shock study showed us that ____________ 1. most normal people will not obey and administer a “fatal” level of shock to the learner 2. most normal people will obey authority, even if it means administering a “fatal” shock 3. women tend to obey authority figures more than men do 4. men tend to obey authority figures more than women do 8. In light of the results of the Milgram studies, which of the following soldiers would you expect to have the least trouble carrying out his orders? 1. a soldier shooting an enemy soldier at a distance of 10 feet 2. a soldier shooting enemy soldiers from inside a tank 3. a marine strangling an enemy sailor in an amphibious landing 4. a pilot dropping a bomb on an enemy airbase 9. Out of the following situations, a person is most likely to conform if: 1. he is in an ambiguous or novel situation 2. the other people present are not unanimous in their opinion 3. he is in a small group with two others 4. he is knowledgeable about the situation 10. A unjustified treatment of an individual based on their membership in a group is defined as 1. stereotype 3. prejudice 2. discrimination 4. All of the above
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11. Stereotypes are always negative 1. TRUE 2. FALSE 12. Negative feelings, opinions, and beliefs associated with a stereotype are referred to as: 1. discrimination 3. ingroup/outgroup bias 2. prejudice 4. none of the above 13. Annabel is working on a very difficult paper for her psychology class. Given what you know about the
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