Classical conditioning part 2 blackboard

Classical conditioning part 2 blackboard - • Common...

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Classical Conditioning Phenomenon Extinction Spontaneous Recovery Generalization Discrimination
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Extinction Gradual elimination of a learned response that occurs when the US is no longer presented You don’t “unlearn” things or ever fully forget them
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Spontaneous Recovery The tendency of a learned behavior to recover from extinction after a period of rest.
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Generalization and Discrimination Stimulus Generalization The CR is observed even though the CS is slightly different from the original one used during acquisition Stimulus Discrimination Capacity to distinguish between similar but distinct stimuli
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Conditioned Emotional Responses An emotionally charged conditioned response elicited by a previously neutral stimulus Watson & Raynor (1920): Little Albert Can we “uncondition” CERs? Jones (1924): Little Peter Can use methods such as extinction to overcome fear [exposure therapy]
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Phobias Irrational fears of specific objects or situations
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Unformatted text preview: • Common Phobias • Ophidiophobia: Fear of snakes • Acrophobia: Fear of heights • Uncommon Phobias • Ablutophobia: Fear of bathing • Bibliophobia: Fear of books • Coulrophobia: Fear of clowns Preparedness and Contrapreparedness • Preparedness • Built-in readiness for certain neutral stimuli to elicit particular conditioned responses • Explains why certain associations are learned quicker than others • Contrapreparedness • Built-in disinclination for certain neutral stimuli to elicit particular conditioned responses Understanding Drug Overdoses • Experienced drug users can overdose even when using a customary amount…how? • Conditioned Compensatory Response • Changes your body makes in preparation for the reactions to the drug • Taking drugs in a new environment means the brain/body doesn’t compensate for amount of drug coming • Extinction can be effective here as well...
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