Observational Learning - • Idea that learning often...

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Could you imagine if every behavior we learned relied on trial and error? Some learning occurs in the absence of reinforcement . If you were learning a new skill, which would you prefer as the very first step? You start trying to carry out the new behavior, and someone who knows the skill tells you when you’re doing well or poorly Someone who knows the skill demonstrates it for you before you begin to try it
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Observational Learning Replicating others' novel behavior through observation and imitation Important: Can occur without having to perform the given behavior Cognitive process of observational learning Attention Retention Reproduction Motivation
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Social Learning Theory
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Unformatted text preview: • Idea that learning often occurs in social contexts • Modeling • The process in which other people function as models, presenting a behavior to be imitated • Albert Bandura (1960s) • Bobo doll study • Children who saw the model behave aggressively also behaved aggressively Imitation • Copying of behavior that is unlikely to occur naturally and spontaneously • Evidence for imitation found even in young infants • 12- to 21-day-old infants (Melztoff & Moore, 1977) • Applies to not only humans but animals as well (Tomasello & Carpenter, 2007) • Learning occurs quicker via imitation (Warden, Fjeld, & Koch, 1940) • Mirror Neurons?...
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