Exam 1A - F to increase the efficiency of transmission of...

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Unformatted text preview: F: to increase the efficiency of transmission of the neuron. as a special immune defense for the neuron. d) as a resistor that slows the speed of transmission of the neuron. @ no functional purpose. c 14. According to your textbook, what three things make people especially difficult toustudy? \31 shyness, moodiness, and unpredictability b) complexity, reactivity, and unpredictability (a) variability, reactivity, and complexity ugx reactivity, variability, and stubbornness 15. William James is to ' as John Watson is to a) functionalism; behaviorism c) functionalism; structuralism 'I structuralism; functionalism ilk structuralisrn; behavior-ism 16. Mike wants to know how many licks it takes to get to the center of his candy. He tells his friends that “one full gyration of ethe tongue around the outer surface of the lollipop” is what constitutes a “lick.” In an informal way, Mike is offering a(n): operational definition for the abstract properties he wants to measure. excuse for eating a lot of candy. (1) way to eliminate the reactivity sometimes associated with observation. 3 way to use casual observation to answer his question. 0 17. Each neuron has two types of branched fibers. The receive impulses, whereas the send impulses. dendrites; axons c) axons; dendrites ) somata; axons d) myelin sheaths; synapses 18. With respect to the electrical charge present in a neuron, when a neuron is at rest: the inside and outside of the cell are in perfect balance. @ the inside of the cell has a negative charge relative to the outside. “ 7 {.4} c) the inside and outside of the cell have no charge at all. (1) the inside of the cell has a positive charge relative to the outside. Version 2 Page 3 25. 26. 27. 28. She recommends a biopsy for every possrble case of cancer. 'l'hrs decrsron strategy: a) maximizes the chances of missing a true cancer and minimizes the chances of a false alarm. b) maximizes the chances of missing a true cancer and also leads to many false alarms. @ minimizes the chances of missing a true cancer and also leads to many false alarms. d) minimizes the chances of missing a true cancer and also minimizes false alarms. Karen is really nervous about her forthcoming math exam. She has to memorize a very large set of numbers for the exam, and she has a problem with memorizing and holding things in her short-term memory. She goes to her mother, who holds an MBA, and asks how she memorized so many numbers in graduate school. Her mother tells her that she put the numbers in sets in which she combined the numbers and thought of them as important years rather than a set of random, unimportant numbers. What concept did her mother use? a) negative reinforcement chunking c) retrieval (1) im licit learnin P g conducted research on developmental effects of prejudice, discrimination, and segregation on children in the 19505. The research was cited by the US. Supreme Court in its decision in the landmark-Brown v.330ard of Education case. :1) Francis Sumner 1)) Margaret Washburn c) William James @ Kenneth Clark The statement “Eating less spinach is associated with a shorter life span” is an example of: @ acorrelation. b) acausal relationship. c) variation. (1) anestimate.‘ What type of psychology explains mind and behavior in terms of the adaptive value of abilities that are preserved over time? €—'"'——--r structuralism behavioral psychology Q; evolutionary psychology (35 global psychology Version 2 Page 5 2% observable actions of humans and nonhuman animals. a perceptions, thoughts, memories, and feelings. c) urges. d) explanations. 36. Max Meyer, the founder of the University of Missouri Psychology Department, studied neurophysiology. His other important, but underappreciated contribution to the field was... 'ting one of the first psychology text books finding a cure for depression c) resolving disputes between structuralist and functionalist schools of thought (I) proving that animals do not have consciousness @Trevor plans to study the relationship between peoples responses to highly stressful s1 ations and their overall health. He decides he must use correlational research, rather than experimental research, to investigate this problem. Trevor mo st likely chose a correlational method because correlational studies ‘altend to be more accurate than experiments. b have higher internal validity than experiments when there are two dependent variables. 6 can be used to investigate factors that would be unethical to manipulate in an experimental study. can be used to study either positive or negative relationships, whereas experiments can only be used to study positive relationships. 38. Match and label the parts of the brain with the appropriate letters. a a) a. frontal b. temporal c. parietal d. occipital @ a. frontal b. parietal c. occipital d. temporal a. temporal b. frontal c. occipital d. parietal ‘Qa. occipital b. frontal c. parietal d. temporal Version 2 Page 7 ...
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