Exam 4B - instructions Be certain to bubblein your name(as...

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Unformatted text preview: instructions: Be certain to bubblein your name (as it appears on your student ID) on the scantron form as follows: last name, space, first name. Also bubble in your student number in the appropriate section, and write your exam version on the Birthdate line of your scantron form. Circle the correct answer on your exam copy, and bubble in the correct answer on the scantron form. Be certain to place your scantron form in the correct pile to ensure it is graded accurately. You may take your exam copy with you to grade yourself. 1. models use commonalities among individuals who display resilience to explain how and why the process occurs. a. Variable-focused b. Strength—focused Person—focused ‘ Asset-focused 2. Fernando grew up in the slums of Mexico City, where he was surrounded by poverty and crime throughout his childhood. With the help and support of a local religious leader, however, he stayed in school and eventually won a schoiarship to study architecture at a prestigious university. In this scenario, poverty is a: a. protective factor (13 risk factor c. resilience factor d. developmental asset 3. Empirically supported treatments (ESTs) refer to 5:. treatments that are effective for all psychological disorders and this effectiveness has been established through rigorous scientific testing. b. treatments for which only anecdotal evidence of effectiveness is available. c _ a method for differentiating between effective and ineffective forms of psychotherapy treatments. treatments that are effective for specific disorders and this effectiveness has been established through rigorous scientific testing. Which of the following best represents a type of indicated preventative intervention? @ Providing therapy to students diagnosed with mental disorders. b. Providin health meal choices in dining halls. c. I Providing tutoring services t s u en 5 wth below-aerae grades. Providmg ee access oexercise equipment to a] stu en 5. 5. Which is NOT a culture-bound syndrome? a. Evil eye Schizophrenia c. Koro d. Bulimia nervosa w dlUUIlUi. d. marijuana. Mad 6) Problem-focused 8. Which of the following stressors can lead to disruption in the immune system? a. Natural disasters b. Unemployment . Taking an important test All of the above 9. Patients who receive brief electrical pulses to the brain that produce a seizure are being treated with a. EEG inhibition. b. psychosurgery. @ electroconvulsive therapy. d. aversion therapy. 10. Which of the types of psychological disorders is marked by disruptions in one's sense of consciousness and/or memory? _ a. Personality disorders b. Anxiety disorders c. Schizophrenia Dissociative disorders 11. Dr. Darling is using systematic desensitization in an attempt to alleviate Caroline's phobia of snakes. What might he include in her first session? a. An actual snake ,5 b. A rubber snake c. A video about snakes A picture of a snake V 12. In family therapy, a therapist seeks to understand a. how a person's psychological disorder creates stress for those who love him or her. @ how family member interactions lead to personal problems and difficulties. c. why some families seem to experience more problems than others. d. how family members can help someone with a psychological disorder live a productive life. 13. A set of attitudes marked by a sense of control over events, commitment to life and work, and motivation and courage to confront stressful events is known as a. proactive integration. (it) hardiness. c. self—enhancement. d. rumination. ' b. Resilience is a trait belonging only to "Superkids." c. —- Resilience occurs only in industrialized countries. @3 Resilience is common and is based on normal developmental mechanisms. _. x 15. Because the negative reinforcement of avoidance behavior often maintains many phobias and other " nxiety—related disorders, exposure therapy often involves -* 16. The prevalence ofa disorder refers to ‘ Aa.—p—its4a-ccuracy or'c'or'recmess a‘s'adiagnosisofza' real mental illness. (b3) the percentage "of persons who exhibit the symptoms of a particular disorder. c. the popularity of a diagnosis among different types of mental health professionals. ‘dfi—ethe‘agfeerfiefit'ariiongpfifessmiials about ’a‘diagnosis for a specific patientioi'blient. ,1 17. During what stage of sleep are we most likely to experience a vivid dream? j5 a. Non-REM sleep b. Stage 2 sleep {9 Paradoxical/REM sleep (1. Stage 4 sleep 18. Joey, a back-up quarterback on the football team, has never played in a real game. As he watches the starter being carried off the field, which stage of the general adaptation syndrome is he likely to “I experience? a. Resistance b. Exhaustion @ Alarm d. All of the above 19. Jamie has worked for Jones & Miller law firm for the past 5 years. The firm is in the process of dowusizing and laying off employees. Jamie is afraid that she may lose her job. To help deal with this stressful situation, Jamie tends to rely on her social contacts for support, in addition to nurturing those around her. This is known as a. fight or flight. b. reliance and coping. E) tend and befriend. .d. friend or relationship. 20. About 2 percent of adults develop , a condition marked by instability in mood, identity, and impulse control. a. antisocial personality disorder __b. dissociative disorder borderline personality disorder L dissociative amnesia U. lIlSlgIll c. rational-emotive (a?) behavior / 22. Timmy says his mom talks to her coffee pot and sometimes even does what it tells her to do. What diagnosis is his best friend Tommy likely to offer? . Bipolar disorder 9 Schizophrenia c. Dissociative identity disorder d. Dementia 23. Aaron was recently fired from his job. His response to this stressful event was to take charge of the “k situation and research available jobs in his field. Then, he applied to each of the open positions for which he was qualified, in order to reduce the impact of the situation. This active type of coping is known as 6) decisional control. b. cognitive control. c. emotional control. d behaoral cn 24. Alberto is extremely obese and his family often complains of his snoring. During the night as he sleeps, he often stops breathing for a few seconds. As a result, his sleep is less restful because he awakens gasping for air. Alberto clearly suffers from a. insomnia. sleep apnea. c. dissociation. d. narcolepsy. 25. _ he symptoms of are often mistaken for those of a heart attack. é panic attack b. generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) C. posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) d. obsessive—compulsive disorder (OCD) 26. Shelby is concerned that she is spending too much of her day worrying about things that are out of her control. She often experiences disturbances in sleep and often feels tense, even in situations where there is nothing that is directly threatening her safety. If you were a clinical psychologist, you would be trying .10 determine if Shelby meets the criteria for kg) generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). social phobia. c. major depressive disorder. (1. agoraphobia. X 27. Big Brothers Big Sisters promotes resilience by: treating mental disorders takin kids out of riskv environments“ }- __ providing a positive relationshi with an adul provi ing tutors to improve school performance " .bflmanistio cognitive 29. April comes home after school and finds a large snake in front of her apartment door. After assessing the situation, she decides to run away. What is April engaging in when she decides to run away? a. Situational analysis b. Primary appraisal c. Common sense Secondary appraisal 30. Research indicates that some people's schizophrenia may result from abnormalities in the brain's receptor sites for which neurotransmitter? a GABA b. Acetylcholine c. Epinephrine : Dopamine 31. Chris is the type of person who wants everything done perfectly the first time. When playing a game, he feels like he must win. He is easily provoked to anger, but he is also readily ambitious. Based on these traits, Chris must be a a. Type T personality. @ Type A personality. 0. Type B personality. d. Type D personality. 32. Treatments that attempt to replace maladaptive or irrational cognitions and behaviors with more adaptive ones are called a. humanistic therapies. b. exposure therapies. C03 cognitive-behavioral therapies. d. aversion therapies. 33. Jada continually gets low grades on her math tests. She studies harder each time, but the results don‘t seem to change. She eventually stops studying altogether. Jada is exhibiting a. major depression. " learned helplessness. c. rumination. cl. cyclothymia. The medical mod gests that ' mental illnesses are caused by bioloaical factors. . "theme '1 nessescanberteated ' r —-.~--’--mental’iilfi‘essmamythw rid) every physical illness has a psychological factor. g"ix sychoiogists reIer to as atn) compulsion. . hallucination. c. delusion. d. obsession. _ 36. One reason that nearly any type of credible treatment may produce strong beneficial effects is that people hope it will and want it to work. This idea is referred to as a. spontaneous remission. b. the self—serving bias. c. regression to the mean. {3 the placebo effect. 37. Major depressive disorder occurs as often in women as in men. a. three times b. five times c. four times @ twice 38. The purpose of the is to protect the body against the invasion of bacteria, viruses, or other illness—producing organisms. a. phagocytes b. lymphocytes c. antigens @ immune system 39. e process by which positive outcomes occur in spite of significant threats to development is called: 6 resilience b. developmental assets c. self-esteem (3!. positive psychology 40. Which ofthe following professionals is trained as a medical doctor and may be found working in either 7 rivate practice or in a hospital setting? a Psychiatrist b. Clinical social worker C. Clinical psychologist d. Mental health counselor \ ...
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