Memory Part 1 BB - Three stage Model of Memory Types of...

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Three stage Model of Memory Types of Memory
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“Ability to store and retrieve information over time” Memories are enduring changes that experience gives us Memory system isn’t perfect Energy taxing Remarkably fragile (Schacter, 1996)
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Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968, 1971)
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Sensory Memory Iconic Echoic Short-Term Memory Working Memory Long-Term Memory Nondeclarative (implicit) Procedural Memory Classical Conditioning Priming Declarative (explicit) Semantic Memory Episodic Memory Autobiographical Memory
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Earliest stage of memory A memory store that has a large capacity for perceptual information for a very brief time. Information represented here is “raw data” Very brief in duration (~500 ms) Attention determines what makes it to next stage of memory: short-term memory
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Separate sensory types Iconic: SM for visual sense of visual perception Keeps replica of visual scene for a short time.
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