Mood Disorder Lecture notes

Mood Disorder Lecture notes - Mood Disorders Moods are...

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Mood Disorders Moods are relatively long-lasting, nonspecific emotional states, with nonspecific means we often may have no idea what has caused a mood. Changing moods lend variety to our experiences and lives, experiencing sadness makes us appreciate happiness all the more. However, for people with mood disorders, mood can become so intense that they are pulled or pushed in life-threatening actions. Mood disorders are a class of mental disorders that have mood disturbance as their predominant feature and defined by the DSM as “intense and disrupting changes in mood, characterized by emotional extremes”. Just like we all experience anxiety, we also all experience moods, but also as with anxiety disorders, mood disorders are characterized by having the extremes of mood often fluctuating between extreme happiness and despair. It is important to note that mood disorders are not characterized by being in these extreme states 24/7 or all the time. There are usually a few hours of normality interspersed among the extremes. The two mood disorders we will be talking about in this class are Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar disorder. Major Depressive Disorder Case study: R.A., a 58 year old man, had difficulties falling asleep and staying asleep that left him chronically fatigued. Over the past 6 months, he’d stopped exercising and gained 12 pounds and lost interest in socializing. Nothing he normally enjoyed, including sexual activity, could give him pleasure anymore; he had trouble concentrating and was forgetful, irritable, impatient, and frustrated (Lustman, Caudle, & Clouse, 2002). R.A.’s sense of hopelessness and weariness and his lack of normal pleasures goes far beyond normal sadness; it is also different from the normal responses of sorrow and grief that accompany a tragic situation such as the death of a loved one.
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