Major Concepts Exam 1 - MGR Cflflflfll’lfi UNIT l...

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Unformatted text preview: / MGR Cflflflfll’lfi: UNIT l. EKAIH tibap‘ter l-P‘a'rl. 2 Research Methods [it it‘s in BOLD TYPE then KNDW l'l'i [Hunter I— Part 1 l. H}. ll. [2. 1-3. id. l5. [6. 13'. Hi. It. Deline and describe the dinerenee between dogmatiaiu and cmpific'nim as discussed in lecture. 1t'I-"Erich of tllese beliefs Forms the cornerstone of the scientific affirms-elf:J Define and describe the scientific method 'What three characteristics ol'the human condition make people hard to stud}- scientifically.f as discussed in lecture? (hint: Ilon'tjust know the words but understand what they mean) Define and describe each ot'the following terms related to the scientific method: variable, operational delinill'o-n, data, hypothesis, [llch replication. Consider esarrtples ofeueh He gon-erall}.r familiar with the steps oft—he scientific method. What step discussed in lecture is arguablyr the most important oi'lhe SEVEN steps reviewed and why'i' Describe ease stud].r in science. Consider examples in which this method would be useful lchine population and sample as discussed in lecture and describe how diesc terms relate to the law aflargc numbers in science (also float lecture}. tfom pare this law to the case method liout concept #5 above Define frequency distribution as discussed in lecture and describe how it is used in scientific research. Define descriptive statistics and define and describe the difference between mean. med'nn. mode. and range in a fretquenc}r distribution as discussed in lecture. [is prepared to apply these terms Lo examples Define and describe validity and reliability as they relate to the scientific method. tic prepared to appiv thcsr: It'll-Ell}; LU exarrlples Define and describe trim in scientific research. Compare and contrast response bins and sampling bias, Consider exam ples ot'hias. llctinc and describe naturalistic "Intonation. l-ixplain how this technique may hc used to avoid bias in research as discussed in lecture. list and describe m orhcr wales discussed in lecture that bias may be avoided Lu research. including deception arld rundum sampling. Consider examples of these techniques [lefinc and describe eipcrimeutcr «expectancyr effects. Define the doable-blind design. Why is it necessary for rose-archers no be blind to conditions in their own scientific research? Compare and contrast naturalistic observation {1i l U above}. case study [iii above). and surrey-s. Consider advantages and disadvantages crouch technique. Consider esaillples of each I‘lci'inc correlation and describe how this relates on variables. How are mrrclational studies conducted in science? 1What do correlations allow us to do regarding. sariables'iI Ilow are eorrctations used to describe the relationship between 1rarlslhlcs'i' What are the main advantages and disadvantages til—correlations? Crmsidcr occupies Define correlation coefficient Describe the concepts ofstren gth and direction with regard to correlations as discussed in lecture. Define and describe the difference between a positive correlation and a negative correlation as discussed in lecture. Consider examples related to strength and direction of correlations. Describe the relationship between correlation and causation as discLe:scd in lecture. Define and describe minl'ounde and the third variable problem. How might a third variable presence afl‘cct assnmptions about causation? Consider examples of confounds Deline and describe experiment. Define and describe the critical experimental features ofmanipolation and ran-dam assignment as discussed in lecture. [low is each leatore achieved and what does each feature do For an experiment? What can the experimental method do that: no other research method can achieve? llciinc and describe how citpcrimcntnl manipulation results in the creation ofthc independent variable. The dependent variable. the experiment gran p. and the control group. He prepared to apply these terms to examples. tie-line and describe affect in experiments. lConsider the major advantages and disadvantages nE'tbe experimental technique. Consider ethical and practicat reasons why experiments cannot be conducted on some psychological phenomena . Define and describe psendnpayebology and consider what differentiates science From non-science 2!]. Consider the poi-pose ot'aa Institutional Review Board. Define informed consent and debriefing and describe how they relate to ethics in psychology. t'ionsider why deception of human subjects or harm of nonhuman animals is regularly approved in psychological research He generally.r familiar 1with ethics in clinical practice, ceiliecittlI3.r these guidelines involving training. privacy and confidentiality [and when this}r can be violated). sexual relationships with patients. and physical-"emotional mistreatment of patients MMDR CUNCF. rrs: unn- 1 strain Chapter 1 mum-[hung n t' it’s in new TYPE. then sac-w IT} Chapter 2 l. 7 ID. ll. i2. 14. la. lti. Describe the triclegica] basis cf behavior _ Define and deserihe the funetien ei— nguniiis and their three basic parts (dendrites, ce terminal buttons and where e11 ecurnns etc they Incatcd'.’ Describe the dilTerence in luttctiun between senscq aeurcae and meter ueuruaa. Dascribe hew tic lJi‘O'iib' relate to hrain einenitlt Compare and cnntrast (define and captain the difi'ctcncc between} rusting potential and amine pntcntial in nellrnns. Hnw is. an aetinn ]'H'l1l'_‘:|'.|IiEll pmpagaterl in a ntIJT‘l'l-Tl'? Describe IJ'Ie all-er—nnne nature er the aetinn potential. Define and describe the Fun eticin cut- m'felin. What illness involves the tieterintatinn tit-this. material? De fine synapse and synaptic cleft and describe the harem cl' synaptic ceauccliens in the human acrtrces system. tile-Fl ne neurotransmitters, vesicles, and receptors and describe Iheit rclatiertship Lu cerrtrnunicatitm in the nervous system. How are neUTetrensmittcrs delivered hctwccn neurons? Describe the Inc lt—a all—key system with regard in neumtransrnithsr—nteptur Funclienirte. Describe the difference between cacitatery and inhibitory effects 0F ncUretrenSmittcrs cn neurons. Hew does the rear-take Timeless relate In neuretransntittcr i'urlctitirting? Describe the basic i'unclicns et'tltc neurotransmitters artisans]cite-line1 dopamine. seen-tent]:1 GABJL and endegennns cannahineids as discussed in class. As discussed in class, what disease t'l-T prehlem is related Le deficits er excesses in the fitncticning ct'cach ct‘thctc suhsmnccs'.’ Define and describe agunist and antagunist. Describe sekeiive—aerutunin-reuplake inhibiturs (531115}. BE prepared tn apply these terms tn examples as discussed in class [lei-inc and describe the iLtrLeiitJn :3ng cells Describe the hierarchical organization efthc human nervous system. define its different sul'siivisicns, and describe their Funetirrns {central aen'uus system, peripheral nervuus system with sensory-summit: and aatnnumie nervous system dicisietts, sympathetic and [flrfififr'mpathefic nervous systems: d3. aaun}. What are . Ileigeribe the spinal ennzl and etin sider esalnpltts ui'retleaeai under spinal ccrd centre]. Explain how these reflexes operate Dcscribc the ccrcbral cortex. Describe me cereJJ-‘al hemispheres anti let-es if the mrtcx. llcfi He and describe tin: Function n-Fthe failewing narLs til" the caries: rut-pus culinaum. uccipital [cl-lie, temp-firm lube. parietal lobe. frnntal lnbc. Knn-w the difference between [he snmatescasun' strip and the meter strip ci'thc ccrtcx Understand the nantre at" hemispheric sfsseiaiizatinn as it relates in research L'itt split-brain patients Define and describe the i'rrnclicn cf the following sutm-rtical structlm'a: thalamus, hypnthaiamua, hippfll‘flfllllfl, amygdala, basal ganglia, medulla, puns. wrebeltum '_ Del—um: hufmunus and runners-[and the fitnetinn nf the nenrnendneriae system. What rule does the pituitary gland play in 1his sysLem? Define Iesinn and stroke and describe hnw studies ef damaged brains have cenlrihuted tn ljlt': understanding cf the f'unetien til—brain regiens. Discuss the case of Phineas Gage. Understand new brain stimulation studies relate tn the ultdenttanding til—the functiclll cf lJl't'liI'I regions. Describe lransierani'al magnetic stint ulaIi-nn {Til-'15]. Define and describe electroencephalogram [EEG]- ancl single—cell recording {via mitenmlectrndes] and describe 1what these shew ale-nut brain Iilncticlniilg . Compare and contrast [define and explain the difference between} the following neureigjng techniques: computer—assisted tum-graph} {LIT}, magnetic resonance imaging {ll-{HI}, pmitmn emissinn tumngraphj' {PE'I'}, functional magnefie resnnanee imaging (till-IR!) _ Understand the Iiasies ril'h'leatlelian inheritance. Ecru pate and contrast gcnnlypc anti phenutync. tindetslend hnw mmples {pnkgenjc} inheritance relates Ie pmhningical trails _ Define and describe Pruning and plasticity and consider hew they relate tn the interaetien between genes and the envimament . I}: line hchacinrai genetics and understand the concept cf heritability. New at: twin studies and afluplinu studies used in this field? t'Innsirier examples as discussed in class. Bria-n- a sharpener] ll'E pencil wit; gmsgrhgreen Scan-Tree Farm #33243, and student I_D [er any ghcre IQ tg tl'lc Cit’lfi. ...
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