INTRO TO MUSLIM POLITICS NOTES

INTRO TO MUSLIM POLITICS NOTES - Intro to Politics in...

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Intro to Politics in Muslim World Notes of 1 22 Arguments of this course: 1: Must understand the history Ex: British Relations with Iraq * Practically carved out of three Ottoman Empire entities: Baghdad, Mozal, 2: We must understand the role of the International scale and within the international context. Ex: Israel v. Hamas Ex: The US War in Afghanistan 3. Samuel Huntington - Harvard Gov Prof - Believes each civilization has its own thing going - Referred to “clash of civilizations” Huntington’s “clash of civilizations” thesis is open to criticism on a number of grounds. What are these grounds? Answer: 1. It is wrong to assume the Islamic civilization is homogenous. The Islamic religion operates differently in different countries, i.e. Iran v. India. There are different political groups with the Islamic civilization. i.e. ISIS v. Muslim Brotherhood 2. He assumes cultures are separate from one another, when in fact cultures are interactive and share. One is going to have components of another. i.e. During the Middle Ages, Arabs kept alive Greek texts that would later lead to the European Renaissance. 3. His look is historical, or they are unchanging. The have been spelled out in the Quaran and haven’t changed since, but Muslims in the 21st Century is different than a 7th Century Muslim. 3. Try to understand politics and government in the Muslim world from the perspective of the people who live there. A gov being criticized in the media in the West may enjoy popular support (legitimacy) from the citizens of that country. Although Americans and Europeans like to think of themselves as carriers of the traditions democracy and tolerance, many in the ME have experienced otherwise at Western hands. What MEs see is that after centuries of European imperialism, the US has simply picked up where the Europeans left off. We have to try to understand from the perspective of the people of the Middle East. Middle Easterns do not see the US as trying to spread democracy and tolerance because of US actions in the past. i.e. supporting coup in Egypt in 2013. Comparative method: Start off with a description of the structure and function of the formal institutions of government. We also describe non-governmental institutions- such as militias and otter forms of sociopolitical organization (such as Hezbollah in Lebanon). The second component of the comparative approach involves evaluating the operation of these institutions in the specific context of a particular country.
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Intro to Politics in Muslim World Notes of 2 22 In most cases, it is not particularly helpful to compare the operation of Islamic based governing insiutions with governing institutions found in established, such as those located in the US or Western Europe.
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