A SocioHistory of Sikism

A SocioHistory of Sikism - (9thlargest...

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A SocioHistory of Sikism Youngest of the world religions 23-24 million Sikhs worldwide (9 th  largest) 80% live in Punjab (close to Pakistan/ Kashmir) Sizeable communities in major cities worldwide Often mistaken for Muslims after 9/11 RECALL: Northern (second) Indian Bhakti Movement Recall that the 11 th  C. CE sees a rise in Northern Bhakti God/s is understood: by some incarnational ways (like Vishnu)                                         : by some in formless ways (like Shiva) ^^^^^LEADS TO => The Sant Movement (Sant Mat) (Developed from the Northern Bhakti Movement) (Sant may come from “sadu” or “sat” loosely comparable to saint) God is formless, eternal, the true teacher (Sat Guru)  Castes, priests, temple puja is rejected Incarnational Vaishnava Bhakti (Vishnu) Rise in Hatha Yoga connected to Shavite (Shiva) Bhakti. From Islam o Devotee= “lover”   o Deity= “Beloved o Annihilating self in love of God; Re-joining oneself to god o Inscribing god in one’s heart Guru Nanak 15 th  to 16 th  century CE A local teacher and practioner in the Sant Traditon. Little known for sure about  his life. Nanak is a local bureaucrat, but preoccupied with devotion Associates with a Muslim companion (Mardana o Devotional hymn practice o Singing and dancing for hours
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o Culminates in a mystical experience/vision of drinking holy nectar (Amrit) given from god (“waheguru” or “Akal Purakh”)  All devotees perform regular work All devotees live family lives  Existence consists of Samsara, and liberation (“deliverance” or “Mukti”) is the  goal of religion HAGIOGRAPHY= writings about higher powers Janam- Sakhis (equivalent of gospels) Miraculous birth/youth Moral Life Lessons Each group interprets Nanak in their own way Sangat= congregational system Adi Granth- original book Guru Gobind Singh Provides the martial, battke-ready image alongside Nanak Completed two holy texts o Adi and Dasam Granth Accelerated the development of martial skills among the Panth o Formed an inner core of the Panth- The Khalsa. (“pure”) o Reading page (150-152) o Intended as the Guru’s elite guard o
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