Anth1023-Week11-3 - CulturalAnth. LearningObjectives &...

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Cultural Anth. “Universal Human Rights”                                  3/31/14 Learning Objectives Understand the tension between extreme relativism & defending human rights Articulate your personal beliefs about universal human rights Review Ethnocentrism: the tendency to believe that one’s own race or ethnic group is centrally  important, and that all other ethnic groups are measured in relation to one’s own Cultural Relativism: an individual human’s beliefs and activities should be understood in  terms of his  Can We Go Too Far? Cultural relativism is an important principle because it helps us avoid knee-jerk  reactions  However, it does not give people carte blanche for abusing others Some things are simply not justifiable  Universal Declaration of Human Rights Individuals have certain unalienable rights When do these override local custom?? Ex. Female circumcision Does this document indicate our own ethnocentrism?? Where do cultural rights come into play? When Universal Rights Conflict with Cultural Relativism… Donnelly posits a continuum Work with your group to see if you can identify the 4 positions on this continuum Radical Universalism - think universal declaration of human rights should be law Radical Relativism - anything goes as long as culture says it’s okay Weak Relativism - good document, be different in different places Strong Relativism - look at culture for primary source of validity, appreciate document  (use as a check) Donnelly takes a week relativist position An anthropologist should support & give a culturally sensitive explanation But that is not the same thing as approving  Universal Rights Reaction to WWII Est. 1948 Created by male westerners
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Cultural Anth. “Colonialism & Assimilation” 4/2/14 Learning Objectives:
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Cultural Anth. “Colonialism & Assimilation” 4/2/14 Define colonialism Discuss the lingering negative effects of colonialism Explain the goals of assimilation Recall an example of a large assimilation project in the U.S.  Colonialism & its Effects Colonialism Colonialism= the political, social, economic and cultural domination of a territory and its  people by foreign power for an extended period of time Can be practiced by any group that is powerful enough to subdue other group… but we  typically associate it with the actions of European countries starting in the 1500s and  lasting through the 1900s 
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