StudyGuideTestFour anthro nick copeland

StudyGuideTestFour anthro nick copeland - Anthropology...

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Anthropology Study Guide May 1, 2011 What is a dynamic approach to social order? What is the relationship between power and s ocial order? What are different ways of exercising power? What is more powerful? Theories of Collective action (Lecture) Affinity – Shared characteristics Interests – Shared goals and aspirations Community – A sense of belonging together. Affective (Felt) and Cognitive (Known) Communal action - Action based in a sense of belonging together Communalization - process of community o r forming communes, where property and resources belong to the community and not an individual. Associational action - Action based on a pursuit of interest based on a calculation of advantage. Marx’s conception of class conflict and history – Conflict between the Capitalist and the Worker drive history. These groups are in conflict with one another because the laborer wants higher wages and a better work environment while the capitalist wants more profit and lower wages. Class in Itself - You either are or are not in a class Class for Itself – A Class whose members have a sense of community. Organized to pursue common interests. What was Max Weber’s criticism of Marx’s theory of history? – Claimed that class was important but was not the deciding factor. Marx failed to consider the non-material interests such as spiritual, values and ideologies. Marx failed to address the other bases for group formations such as kinship, gender, race and religion. Nationalism (Lecture) Why do anthropologists describe nationalism as an imagined community? There is a sense of belonging between people who have never and most likely will never meet. These people often don’t share similar backgrounds or interests. What were the conditions under which people came to imagine themselves as members of nations? What were the necessary conditions? What makes nationalism so moving, that people are willing to kill and even die for it? What is horizontal comradeship?? Official nationalism Policies that attempt to promote a sense of nationalism and downplay heterogeneity. Things like a national language, pledge of allegiance, national holidays,
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immigration laws, and national history education.
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