Cultural Anthropology Exam 2 nick copeland

Cultural Anthropology Exam 2 nick copeland - Cultural...

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Cultural Anthropology Exam 2 Key Terms Race – way of categorizing people by certain physical characteristics. No biological basis, cultural idea, no universal definition Non-concordance – traits are not genetically linked traits inherited independently of one another Gradual Variation – geographical variation of race gradual, there is no line where one race “begins” and another ends * Progress - society was racist but not anymore (not conscious intent) Extinction theory - belief race will die off because inferiority Identity – our culturally defined position on the social landscape. Multiple statuses. Ascribed identities - no/little choice. (class, adulthood, ethnicity) Achieved identities -earned because of effects (college degree) Collective identity - group identity (Arkansan, African-American) Internalization – acceptance of social norms to form identity Identification- relates to assimilates to an aspect of another Gender -meaning we assign to sexual organs from birth Sex – determines gender Sexual dichotomy – in one gender/sex only (ovaries/uterus, etc) Sexual dimorphism – matter of degree Intersex – having both/a combination of biological gender parts * Third gender – gender identity and biological sex can conflict Patriarchy – systematic unequal organization of gender culturally produced and reinforced. * Absolute difference – definite, universal difference between genders Proportional difference – different proportional variations, not concrete and there are exceptions Gendered division of labo r – separation of women’s work and men’s work * Feminism – advocacy for the rights of women Kinship (From Robbins) Descent – a rule of relationship that ties people on the basis of a reputed common ancestry. Matrilineal – socities that emphasize a person’s ties to their mother Patrilineal – societies that emphasize a person’s ties to their father Bilateral – mother and father families both equal in society, kinship is reckoned through male and female simultaneously Family – people considered to be kin atleast one married couple sharing residence Polygamy- more than one spouse Polygyn y- more t han one wife Polyandry – more than one husband Key relationship (Robbins) – relationships that organize society Incest taboo – a rule that prohibits sexual relations within certain categories Matrilocal – married couple resides with/near wife’s parents Patrilocal – married couple resides with/near husband’s parents Neolocal – married couple resides independently Robbins Chapter 6 Social Identities – views the people have of their own and others’ positions in society. Individuals seek confirmation from others that they occupy the positions on the social landscape that they claim to occupy.
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Egocentric view of the self – a view of the self that defines each person as a replica of all humanity the locus of motivations and drives, capable of acting independently from others Sociocentric view of the self
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