Pollination Paper - The Variable Distribution of Sunlight...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Variable Distribution of Sunlight Received by Solidago canadensis , with Groundwork and Concentration on the Incursion of Pollinators Geena Kuppamala Joseph October 6, 2014 Section A64 ABSTRACT: Due to the existence of biodiversity amongst plant life, it is imperative to evaluate the degree to which pollinators exhibit their predilections towards distinct plants, angiosperms in particular, due to a mutualistic relationship that subsists in correlation to pollination. Focus was targeted on plant-centered pollination amongst a field of Solidago canadensis, otherwise known commonly as the Canada goldenrod. In order for the flower to properly reach maturation, it is vital that sunlight be received. Because the intensity of the sunlight available varies between each grouping of flowers within the environment, favoring more flowers than others, pollinators must also possess a preference for the ration of sunshine within groupings of flowers of the same genus and species. This assumption and ideology predominantly orients and employs one to claim that pollinators favor goldenrods in sunny regions rather than those encompassed in the shade as well as those partially sheltered in shade. However, this claim proved to be fallacious as pollinators primarily garnered pollen from the goldenrods amassed in partial shade instead, indicating that both ends of the opposite spectrum, in relation to the discrepancy in the intensity of light from shade to sunny, proved inadequate meters for attaining an influx of pollination, thus attesting to pollinator preference, in comparison to that of the partial shade. Introduction: For the cultivation of angiosperms, sunlight is an asset to their growth and pollen productivity. However, as pollinators retain a preference for distinct flowers contingent on the odor, size, and color of the plant, pollinators also share an inclination catered towards the amount of sunlight a flower receives. The Solidago canadensis is an angiosperm that is home to many pollinators interested in foraging pollen and nectar. Attention to goldenrods was established not solely on the basis that goldenrods are one of the most heavily pollinated flowers, but also because of the perennial herbs ability to adapt to areas receiving full sun or partial shade as well as 40 to 152 cm (16 to 60 in) of annual precipitation. (Werner et al. 1980). In conjunction to the former claim, it is also known that the white-tailed deer, an animal most commonly found residing in the Binghamton Nature Preserve, will selectively forage on Canada goldenrod in the late summer and fall, synchronous to our present time in regards to seasonal conditions. (Sauer et al. 1969, as cited by Werner et al. 1980). Although it has been made apparent why goldenrods, specifically Solidago canadensis, have been chosen for assessment of plant-centered pollination, there is much inquisition needed in discerning pollinator preference with concentration to the disparity of sunlight. The importance of sunlight is pertinent and is emphasized more in relation to photosynthesis than pollination.
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern