heinee14212 (film, music, literature) 18

heinee14212 (film, music, literature) 18 - background...

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only a few years later in the first two decades of the twentieth century, the Ballet Russes, premiered works that were collaborations between French and Russian artists in Paris, most significantly, the ballets of Igor Stravinsky such as The Firebird in 1910. The importation of film, creation of a theatre, and the filming in Russia all happened within six months of the Paris world premiere, historically linking the Russian, and subsequently Soviet cinema, with the earliest projected film. The first Russian feature film, that is, the first production created by a team that was not French, was Stenka Razin , the story of which Shostakovich would later set as a cantata, premiered in October of 1908. 5 This chapter will focus on the ideology and approaches to the creation of Soviet film, and when appropriate, approaches to the music in those films. It will also show the extent of Shostakovich’s influence on Soviet film music. The chapter is not meant to be an exhaustive study, but an overview that will give the reader has enough
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Unformatted text preview: background information to be able to understand the history of the Soviet cinema until 1980, a short time after Shostakovich’s death. 6 5 Zorkaya, 18. 6 There are multiple books and authors written about the history of the Russian and Soviet cinema including Zorkaya’s and Leyda’s books, and others that specialize in certain eras like John David Rimberg’s The Motion Picture in the Soviet Union: 1918-1952 (New York: Arno Press, 1973) and Stalinism and Soviet Cinema (London: Routledge Press, 1993), edited by Richard Taylor and Derek Spring. Obviously, these are not the only books on the subject, but are very good references and can offer more specifics than I can hope to in this chapter. Even these references realize their limitations. Zorkaya’s introduction begins, “This is not a textbook on the history of the Soviet cinema; nor is it a full account of its formative period and subsequent development. The story of the Soviet cinema is a complicated one covering a vast amount of material.” 9...
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