MIS Project W50687 - (PROJECT Guided by Submitted by Mgr in...

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Management Information System ( PROJECT ) Guided by, Submitted by, Mgr inż. Sumeer Chakuu Chandralekha Gopalakrishnan
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W50687 1) EVOLUTION OF MIS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY It is identified there are five segments of MIS evolution : I. mainframe and minicomputer computing II. personal computers III. client/server networks, IV. enterprise computing V. cloud computing. The first (mainframe and minicomputer) era was ruled by IBM and their mainframe computers; these computers would often take up whole rooms and require teams to run them - IBM supplied the hardware and the software. As technology advanced these computers were able to handle greater capacities and therefore reduce their cost. Smaller, more affordable minicomputers allowed larger businesses to run their own computing centers in-house. The second (personal computer) era began in 1965 as microprocessors started to compete with mainframes and minicomputers and accelerated the process of decentralizing computing power from large data centers to smaller offices. In the late 1970s minicomputer technology gave way to personal computers and relatively low cost computers were becoming mass market commodities, allowing businesses to provide their employees access to computing power that ten years before would have cost tens of thousands of dollars. This proliferation of computers created a ready market for interconnecting networks and the popularization of the Internet. As technological complexity increased and costs decreased, the need to share information within an enterprise also grew—giving rise to the third (client/server) era, in which computers on a common network access shared information on a server. This lets thousands and even millions of people access data simultaneously. The fourth (enterprise) era enabled by high speed networks, tied all aspects of the business enterprise
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together offering rich information access encompassing the complete management structure. The fifth and latest (cloud computing) era of information systems employs networking technology to deliver applications as well as data storage independent of the configuration, location or nature of the hardware. This, along with high speed cell phone and Wi-Fi networks, led to new levels of mobility in which managers access the MIS remotely with laptops, tablet PC's, and smartphones. 2) DESCRIBE USAGE OF IS IN VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY Inventory subsystem focuses maintaining records and movements on inventory levels and usage. This control of inventory is critical to the organization since money locking of raw materials purchase represents substantial investment. Timely production of finished goods require availability of right quantity of material, maintenance of right stock levels, determination of lead times and flex times and exchange of information with supplier at the right time. An inventory subsystem helps us to address these issues. Inventory subsystems are critical where the organization is following Just in Time approach ¬ a philosophy which
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