20100814092847963 - C H A P T E R F i f t e e n...

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PART FIVE                                                             EMPLOYEE RELATIONS C H A P T E R F i f t e e n Labor Relations  And Collective Bargaining 15 Lecture Outline 248
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Strategic Overview The Labor Movement A Brief History of the American Union Movement Why do Workers Organize? What do Unions Want? The AFL-CIO Unions and the Law Period of Strong Encouragement: The Norris- LaGuardia (1932) and Wagner Acts (1935) Period of Modified Encouragement Coupled with  Regulation: The Taft-Hartley Act (1947) Period of Detailed Regulation of Internal Union  Affairs: The Landrum-Griffin Act (1959) The Union Drive and Election Step 1. Initial Contact Step 2. Obtaining Authorization Cards Step 3. Hold a Hearing Step 4. The Campaign Step 5. The Election How to Lose an NLRB Election The Supervisor’s Role Rules Regarding Literature and Solicitation Decertification Elections: Ousting the Union The Collective Bargaining Process What is Collective Bargaining? What is Good Faith? The Negotiating Team Bargaining Items Bargaining Stages Bargaining Hints Impasses, Mediation, and Strikes The Contract Agreement Grievances Sources of Grievances The Grievance Procedure Guidelines for Handling Grievances The Union Movement Today and Tomorrow Public Employees and Unions Organizing Professionals and White-Collar  Employees Employee Participation Programs and Unions In Brief: This chapter gives a brief history of the labor movement, outlines the basics of labor law, and reviews the procedures of labor elections, collective bargaining, and contract administration. A look into the future of unionism is also attempted. Interesting Issues: Union membership has declined in the past few decades. However, unions are targeting professional and other jobs not traditionally unionized. Students need to consider the implications of this shift as well as the dynamics driving the shift. ANNOTATED OUTLINE I. The Labor Movement A. A Brief History of the American Union Movement – As early as 1790, skilled craftsmen organized themselves into trade unions, and posted their minimum wage demands to ensure no member accepted a lesser wage. Union membership grew until a major depression around 1837 resulted in a membership decline. Membership increased as the U.S. entered its industrial revolution. In 1869, a group of tailors formed the Knights of Labor. They were interested in political reform and change. After a period of increased membership, they dissolved in 1893 after several unresolved issues. In 1886, 249
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Samuel Gompers formed the Labors (AFL), and its aim was to raise its members’ (mostly skilled workers) day-to-day wages and improve their working conditions.
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