ELECTION OF 1860 Key Location(s): United Sates of America Key Person/People: Abraham Lincoln, John C. Breckinridge, John Bell, Stephen A. DouglasDescription:Lincoln, the Republican candidate, won because the Democratic party was split over slavery. Significance: The South no longer felt like it has a voice in politics. A number of states seceded from the Union.
SOUTH CAROLINA SECEDEDKey Location(s): South Carolina Key Person/People: James BuchananDescription: On December 20, 1860, South Carolina became the first slave state in the south to declare that it had seceded from the United States. Significance: State by state, conventions were held, and the Confederacy was formed. Within three months of Lincoln's election, seven states had seceded from the Union.
JEFFERSON DAVIS ELECTEDKey Location(s): Key Person/People: Description: On November 6, 1861, Jefferson Davis was elected president, not of the United States of America but of the Confederate States of America. He ran unopposed and was elected to serve for a six-year term.Significance:
SIEGE OF FORT SUMTERKey Location(s): Key Person/People: Maj. Robert Anderson ; Brig. Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard Description: Beauregard demanded the surrender of the union garrison of Fort Sumter. Anderson refused and the Confederate batteries opened fire on the fort. On April 13, Anderson surrendered Fort Sumter. Significance:
BATTLE OF FIRST BULL RUNKey Location(s): Key Person/People: Description: First Major land battle of armies in Virginia. Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the Confederate army, which was drawn up behind Bull Run beyond Centreville.Significance:
BATTLE OF SHILOHKey Location(s): Pittsburg Landing. Hardin County, TennesseeKey Person/People: General Albert Sidney Johnston, Ulysses S. GrantDescription: Significance: The Battle of Shiloh became one of the bloodiest engagements of the war, and the level of violence shocked North and South alike.