URST 200 lecture 1 - Tues Sept 23rd Tuesday 10:46 AM...

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Unformatted text preview: Tues Sept 23rd Tuesday, September 23, 2014 10:46 AM Contemporary Divided worlds -­ Wealthiest developed Contries -­‐ Global North ○ Higher rates percent urban but leveled off -­ Poorest least developed countries -­‐ Global South ○ Lower rates percent urban but increasing -­ Population in global south growing 7.6 times faster than population in the global north The 'Urban Transition' Model -­ Development and urbanization ○ Will they go along together or lack? ○ Hope is that they go hand in hand § Cities = lift people out of poverty ○ Pessimistic § People pushed out of slums and have no success in cities ○ Cities can grow because of geopolitical conflict ( war) § People flee -­ Relation between GDP and population ( graph) ○ Urbanization and wealth don’t always go together ○ Great range between very rural to more urban Will today's rapidly-­‐urbanizing societies follow the same path traced by the wealthy countries of the Global North? -­ Some analysts say yes: -­ If you look at countries in global north, their growth rates looked very similar to those we see in global south -­ Argument is don’t worry, everything will be okay ○ Urbanization with being great opportunities But the histories of wealthy urbanised counties may not be repeated. There are three reasons to be cautious: 1. Magnitude is unprecedented 2. Repeated the history of urbanization of the global north would require massive violence and injustice But the histories of wealthy urbanised counties may not be repeated. There are three reasons to be cautious: 1. Magnitude is unprecedented 2. Repeated the history of urbanization of the global north would require massive violence and injustice a. Colonial power established ports and railways -­‐ for trading i. Became cities ii. Tend to turn colonial countries inside out 1) Externally dependent instead of internally oriented b. Strategies for economical growth = ruthless and competitive 3. The link between urbanization and economic prosperity has become contextual and contingent a. Widening inequality within countries and across countries Theories of Economic Development 1. Modernization theory -­ Walt Whitman Rostow -­ Optimistic that all countries can become wealthy § With right comnination of trade, investment, assistance, all countries will go through economic growth and get to high consumtion -­ "a non-­‐communist manifest" ...
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  • Fall '12
  • Wyly
  • Geography, Optimism, Pessimism, wealthy  urbanised  counties, global  north, Walt  Whitman  Rostow

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