Midterm - RS101 World Religions Prof. Stewart Mid-Term...

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RS101 – World Religions – Prof. Stewart Mid-Term Study Guide Lecture / Book Tribal Religions: Roles of African spiritual leaders (shaman, sorcerer, priest, etc.) Shaman/ prophets- helps people uncover their destiny. Sorcerer- witch doctor, vodou, someone that use magic Medicine man Priest- In some societies, there are intermediaries between individuals or whole communities and specific deities. Variously called Dibia, Babalawo , etc., the priest usually presides at the altar of a particular deity. king Yoruba creation beliefs- A long time ago, Olurun lowered a chain from the sky down to the Earth, which at that time was all water. He sent Obatala (either his son or a lesser god) down to Earth with a chicken, some dirt and a palm nut. Obatala used the chicken to spread dirt until there was dry land. Obatala planted the seed and started the first kingdom, Ile-Ife. He was the kingdom's first ruler and all of Yoruba are his descendants. The Ife oral traditions, on the other hand, tell that Odùduwà was the son of the supreme god Olodumare or Olorun , and was sent by him from heaven to create the earth. (Another version of this myth ascribes these episodes to Obatala , casting Oodua, as an usurper). Descending from the heavens via a chain let down to Ile Ife , Obatala brought with him a cockerale, a pigen, and a calabash full of dirt. After throwing the soil upon the waters, he set the cockerale and pigion on the pile of dirt who, in turn, scratched and scattered it around to create the rest of dry land that became the Earth's surface. Odùduwà subsequently became one of the first kings of Ife, and then sent his sons out with crowns to rule over all of the other Yorùbá kingdoms, which is why all royal Yorùbá lineages claim direct descent from Odùduwà and refer to the Ooni of Ife as first among equals (popularly rendered in the Latin phrase primus inter pares in Nigeria). Ile Ife continues to be considered the spiritual capital of the Yoruba Hindu Dharma: Paths to liberation- In Hinduism, atma-jnana (self-realization) is the key to obtaining Moksha. The Hindu is one who practices karma and bhakti , knowing that God is unlimited and exists in many different forms, both personal and impersonal. There are believed to be four yogas (disciplines) or margas (paths) for the attainment of Moksha. These are: working for the Supreme ( Karma Yoga ), realizing the Supreme ( Jnana Yoga ), meditating on the Supreme ( Raja Yoga ) and serving the Supreme in loving devotion ( Bhakti Yoga ). Different schools of Hinduism place varying emphasis on one path or other, some of the most famous being the tantric and yogic practices developed in Hinduism . Today, the two major schools of thought are Advaita Vedanta and Bhakti branches. 1.
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course RELS 101 taught by Professor Stewart during the Spring '08 term at San Diego State.

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Midterm - RS101 World Religions Prof. Stewart Mid-Term...

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