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Melvin R.Federiso2ndyear St. AugustineNov 29,2020History of Ancient Philosophy6.)Why does Aristotle reject Plato’s view of the Forms? How is Aristotle’s view ofform similar to and different from Plato’s view?Ans. These are the reasons and criticism why Aristotle rejects Plato’s view of theForms:According to Aristotle, “The Forms are useless. They have no explanatory power.Instead of explaining the natural world, Plato’s theory creates a second world, therebydoubling the number of things that require explanation. Instead of bringing someunity to the multiplicity of things in experience, it complicates matters by introducingmore multiplicity.2.The Forms cannot explain change or the movementof things within ourexperience. “Above all onemight discuss the question what on earth theFormscontribute to sensible thing. For they cause neither movement nor any changein them.” In many passages, Plato presents change as a symptom of the irrationalityand imperfection of the physicalworld, and he was less interested in it than he wasinwhat was eternal and permanent. For Aristotle,however, our lives are lived in achanging world,and we need to make some sense out of it. Hence,he complains thatif the unchanging Forms are thebasis for all explanation, then “the whole studyofnature has been annihilated.”3.The Forms cannot be the essence or substance ofthings if they are separatedfrom them.4.It is not clear what it means for particulars to“participate” in the Forms. Tosay that the Formsare patterns and that particulars share in them “isto use emptywords and poetical metaphors.”5.Also, Aristotle uses the Third Man Argumentthat was introduced in thechapter on Plato. Ifthe relationship between two men is explainedby means of theForm of Man, then do we needyet another Form to explain the similarity between theindividual man and the Form of Man? If so, then this process would never end, for wewould have Forms explaining Forms forever (M 1.9, 11.1). For such reasons, Aristotledoes not believe thatthe Platonic theory of Forms can be salvaged. Despiteof hisgreat respect for Plato, Aristotle harshly concludes, “The Forms we can dispense with,for theyare mere sound without sense; and even if there aresuch things, they are notrelevant to our discussion”(PA 1.22).
How is Aristotle’s view of form similar to and different from Plato’s view?
7.)What is Aristotle’s view of substance? How does this result in a different viewof reality than Plato’s?Ans.Having dismissed Plato’s extreme dualism, where does Aristotle locate theforms?

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