March_13th - PLS 320: AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS Judicial...

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    PLS 320: AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS Judicial Impact Judicial Impact Theory
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    The Populations Model of Judicial Impact Canon and Johnson. 1999. Judicial Policies: Implementation and Impact . Washington: CQ Press.  
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    Outline of the Population Model Supreme Court Decisions Affect Many  Different Groups (Populations) and the  Reaction of Each of These Parties is Important  to Judicial Impact. The Decision on Whether to Comply with a  Decision is called the  Acceptance Decision This can also be called a Compliance Decision  or Decision to Comply.
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    The Four Populations The Interpreting Population (Lower Courts and Agencies charged with  deciding future cases in accordance with the Supreme Court).  The Implementing Population (Government officials, such as police  officers, prosecuting attorneys, school officials, etc., who are charged  with creating policies consistent with the legal decisions of the  Supreme Court and lower courts).  The Consumer Population (Those for whom the legal policies are  designed and those affected by the actions of the Supreme Court and  other populations). The Secondary Population (All others who are interested in the  outcome of the case and the subsequent policies, who are not directly  affected by the policy—often includes interest groups). 
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      Attorney General (part interpreters/ part implementers) Other attorneys (interpret for the benefit of implementing,  consumer, and secondary populations).   Each of these actors is forced to make a decision as to  whether they will accept the courts action.  Canon and  Johnson call this the  Acceptance Decision.
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      The Acceptance Decision is influenced by four factors: o The intensity of a person or group’s attitude toward the  policy and/or the outcome.  This is similar to saliency. o The person or group’s regard for the court (legitimacy). o The person or group’s perception of the consequences of a  decision. o The person or group’s role in society.
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  Consequent Behavior How might an individual or group’s behavior respond to a decision? Supporters  will tend to be faithful or enthusiastic in implementing a  policy. Detractors
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March_13th - PLS 320: AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS Judicial...

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