March_18th - PLS 320: AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS Judicial...

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    PLS 320: AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS Judicial Impact Theory Group Assignment #3 Group Assignment #2 Debate
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    Judicial Impact Theory We are trying to explain why individuals  and groups make the acceptance decisions  that they do.
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    Psychological Theories  o Psychological Theories —People’s responses  are shaped by preexisting attitudes toward a  policy or things associated or symbolically  related with that policy or agency.
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    Methods for Achieving Legitimacy o Social Distance —Maintaining a Distance in the  Minds of the Public from the Political System (and  the Public). o Legal Approach —Causing People to Doubt  Whether Courts Make Policy at all. o Fairness and Realism —Courts Depend on the  Public’s Belief in their Fairness and Flexibility. o Above Approaches are Connected, as is the Idea of  Comparative Legitimacy  (Being more Legitimate  than Other Social Institutions.
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    Cognitive Dissonance Theory o Cognitive Dissonance Theory  is another  psychological theory related to the need of individuals  to make their opinions and beliefs consistent with their  behavior.   o When reacting to a decision that calls into question our  behavior (provided we have some positive sense of the  Court), this theory suggests that people might do one  of eight things.
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    Cognitive Dissonance Solutions 1) Ignore an adverse decision  2) Deprecate the decision as inapplicable  3) Disassociate from the field covered by the decision  4) Become indecisive 5) Keep the same attitude and oppose the law  6) Accentuate the original attitude and attack the law or decision  7) Convert to the legal attitude  8) Eliminate the original attitude and support the law as though  never opposed it.
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March_18th - PLS 320: AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS Judicial...

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