January 10th - PLS 320: AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS THE...

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    PLS 320: AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN COURTS
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    In This Presentation A HISTORY OF COURTS IN AMERICA THE EVOLUTION OF THE FEDERAL  COURT SYSTEM THE STRUCTURE OF THE FEDERAL  COURT SYSTEM INTRODUCTION TO THE BIOGRAPHIES  OF CURRENT SUPREME COURT  JUSTICES
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    A HISTORY OF COURTS IN AMERICA Early Courts Colonial Courts Common Law Statutory Law Development of American Law Declaration of Independence (1776) Articles of Confederation (1781) Constitution (1787) Judiciary Act of 1789
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    The Judiciary Act of 1789 Created 13 District Courts 11 States, plus Maine and Kentucky North Carolina and Rhode Island had not yet ratified Constitution  Created 3 Circuit Courts with two Supreme Court  Justices and one District Court Judge Presiding  (Circuit Riding) Created 6 member Supreme Court with Chief Justice  and 5 Associate Justices John Jay is the later appointed by George Washington  as the First Chief Justice
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    EVOLUTION OF THE FEDERAL COURT  SYSTEM The First Years Few Early Cases  John Jay (1789-1795) and Oliver Ellsworth (1796- 1800) served primarily as Presidential advisors John Rutledge (an interim or recess appointment in  1795) was never confirmed  Chisholm v. Georgia (1793) Eleventh Amendment
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  The Marshall Court and Judicial Review John Marshall (1801-1835)—longest serving Chief Justice Marbury v. Madison  (1803) Judicial Review Samuel Chase—Impeached for his handling of cases  (primarily the John Fries treason case) Judicial Independence
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January 10th - PLS 320: AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS THE...

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