Peter the Greatshort

Peter the Greatshort - Peter the Great The Westernization...

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Peter the Great The Westernization of Russia
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Russian Expansion to 1600
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Peter the Great as Tsar
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Peter’s Background Peter I was born in 1672. He was Tsar Alexis’ first son of his second marriage. His mother was Natalia Naryshkin. He had two older half-brothers Theodore and Ivan. In 1676 tsar Alexis died and Theodore became tsar. Theodore was dominated by his elder sister Sophia who ruled Russia in a virtual regency. In 1682 Theodore died.
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Violence at Court The families of Alexis’ two wives now struggled to control the throne through Ivan and Peter. Peter’s family managed to temporarily place him on the throne. However, Sophia, supported by the Army’s musketeer regiments (the Streltsy) staged a violent coup against the Naryshkins. Most of Peter’s adult male relatives were killed. Several of the killings were carried out before the young tsar’s eyes. Peter was forced to live in internal exile while Sophia governed Russia through Ivan.
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Internal Exile Peter was not kept in close confinement. He was allowed to roam about the countryside. His wanderings often took him to the foreign ‘zone’ around Moscow. Here Western experts brought in to train Russians in engineering, carpentry, medicine, military science, etc. resided. Peter was fascinated by the foreigners and soon had more experience of them than any other Russian of his time. He became especially interested in ship building techniques and navigation. Peter discovered an old English ship’s boat in a warehouse near Moscow. With the help of the foreigners he managed to patch it up and set it afloat. This boat is preserved in the St. Petersburg Naval Museum and is sometimes referred to as the first ship of the Russian Navy.
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Return to the Throne In 1689 Sophia attempted to have Peter assassinated and establish herself formally as regent over Ivan. She was thwarted in this by other boyar families and factions in the Army. Peter returned to the throne. The liberated tsar did not depose Ivan although he ordered Sophia confined in a convent. Peter spent the next five years studying Western science and technology while his own mother served as regent for himself and Ivan
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The German Quarter
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Peter and the English “botik”
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Botik (model)
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Peter formally assumed control of the Russian government on his mother’s death in 1694. In 1695 he embarked on war with the Ottoman Empire hoping to establish a Russian port on the Black Sea. In 1696 the Russians took Azov in the Crimea. This served as Russia’s first naval base. In addition to expansion Peter hoped war with the Ottomans might lead to Russia forming lasting alliances with the Western powers; particularly Austria as that empire was at war with the Turks as well (until 1699). However, Austria rejected all Russian overtures at a
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Peter the Greatshort - Peter the Great The Westernization...

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