colonial america 1a

colonial america 1a - Colonial America - I Colonization and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–16. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Colonial America - I Colonization and Expansion
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Portuguese Empire The Portuguese were the first European power to establish colonies overseas. Between 1410 and 1487 the Portuguese sent ships down the west coast of Africa seeking a route to India. In 1487 they rounded the Cape of Good Hope. 10 years later Vasco de Gama reached India. The Portuguese established a maritime empire, dominating the Indian Ocean. Other European powers sought to emulate their achievement.
Background image of page 2
De Gama’s Fleet
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
America In 1492 Spain re-conquered the last of the Moslem states in the Iberian Peninsula, Grenada. The Spanish hoped to make further conquests abroad. Christopher Columbus approached Queen Isabella of Spain with a plan to reach India by sailing west across the Atlantic. He was given three ships to pursue his goal. On Oct 12, 1492 Christopher Columbus and his expedition landed in the Bahamas. The Spanish claimed both North and South America (save for Brazil). Other European countries sought to break Spain’s monopoly throughout the 16 th century.
Background image of page 4
The Fall of Grenada 1492 – The End of the Reconquista
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Santa Maria
Background image of page 6
The Spanish Empire
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Treaty of Tordesillas -1494
Background image of page 8
The Taino
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Conquest The Conquests of the Aztec (1519-21) and Inca (1532) Empires were achieved by less than 2000 Spanish troops. The Spanish possessed steel weapons, guns and horses (alien to the Americas) They were also aided by European diseases, especially smallpox. The population of the empires fell from an estimated 20 million people to under 2 million under Spanish rule.
Background image of page 10
Spanish Conquistadors and Tlaxcalan Allies Battle the Aztecs
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Two Images of the Capture of the Inca Emperor at Cajamarca - 1532
Background image of page 12
The Potosi Mines The conquest of the Aztec and Inca empires brought great wealth to Spain However, it was the silver mines discovered in Mexico (Zacatecas) and Peru (Potosi – modern day Bolivia) that made Spain the richest nation in the world.
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Roanoke The initial English attempt (1585-87) to plant colonies in Roanoke (N.C.) failed. The first group of colonists returned to England; the second disappeared under circumstances that remain unknown
Background image of page 14
England’s Colonies The first successful English ‘Plantation’ in America was Jamestown. The colony was founded in 1607 in what is today Virginia. Jamestown was first founded by the Virginia Company, a Royal chartered trading company. Ultimately, however, it became a Royal Colony with an appointed governor. The colony was nearly destroyed by a combination of disease, starvation and Indian attacks. Only 60 of the original 500 colonists were alive in 1610. It was the development of a tobacco economy that made the colony’s survival possible. Originally the colonists had hoped to discover silver mines or a north-west passage to China. In 1619 a House of Burgesses was elected by Property holding colonists.
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 16
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 58

colonial america 1a - Colonial America - I Colonization and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 16. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online