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Psychology Exam 2 Review

Psychology Exam 2 Review - Psychology Exam Review A Chapter...

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Psychology Exam Review: A. Chapter Six: States of Consciousness: Definitions a. Consciousness : is the awareness of external events and internal sensations including the awareness of the self and thoughts about ones experiences which occurs due to arousal. b. Awareness : everything we might think of perceive if we attend to them . It changes moment to moment because information going in and out of your conscious is constantly changing. (stream of consciousness) c. Attention : one must attend to information in order to process it into memory . Attention is selective because storage is limited. d. Cocktail Party Phenomenon : the ability to s plit attention between events happening in the foreground and the background. e. Conscious According To Sigmund Freud : he was an Austrian physician, psychiatrist and he developed a theory by treating people from mid to upper class, with emotional problems and mostly marked proper women with relatively few freedoms or outlets. f. ID : instinctual sexual or aggressive energy. Works according to the pleasure principle (immediate gratification) g. EGO : acts as a manager, trying to satisfy needs of ID in accordance with what is realistic and moral (superego). Works according to the reality principle(control ID, keep it in check, delays gratification) h. SUPEREGO : ideals, morals, conscience; concern with what’s right. Often in conflict with the ID i. Consciousness one of three mental systems : i. Conscious : processes for which a person is subjectively awake ii. Precociousness : processes not presently conscious but could be quickly (like if your asked a question) iii. Unconscious : processes in accessible to consciousness because they have been repressed (kept from consciousness thought because it causes too much anxiety) j. Freudian Slips: unconscious thoughts/emotions can slip into consciousness B. Sleep a. Why we sleep? We are tired, it restores us. Helps us grow. Keeps us away from trouble or harm. Aids function of our immune system. Helps us consolidate
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memories, helps neurons repair. Sleep restores/replenishes/rebuilds our bodies and without it our neurons may begin to malfunction. b. Circadian Rhythms: is a daily behavioral or physiological cycle (day/night cycle) When the cycle is disrupted it can lead to us thinking less clearly and inattentiveness c. SCN or Suprachiasmatic Nucleus: monitors the change in day to night by the retina input. d.
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Psychology Exam 2 Review - Psychology Exam Review A Chapter...

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