Learning PP - PSYC 100 Learning Lecture Outline Learning...

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05/06/09 PSYC 100 Learning
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Lecture Outline Learning Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Cognitive-social theory .
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Learning Learning r efers to an enduring change in the way an organism responds based on its experience Distinct from Drug effects (caffeine-induced jitters are not learning) Fatigue or illness Three assumptions of learning theories Responses are learned rather than innate Learning is adaptive Our experiments can uncover the laws of learning These laws will apply to animals and to humans
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Classical Conditioning The Russian physiologist Pavlov noted that reflexive salivation in dogs could be elicited by stimuli associated with feeding Reflex : Response that is reliably elicited by a stimulus Food elicits salivation Air puff elicits eye blink Reflexive stimulus and response are unconditioned Neutral stimulus is referred to as the conditioned stimulus (CS) CS is paired with the UCS over many trials Eventually comes to elicit a conditioned response (CR: resembles the UCR)
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Pavlov’s Experiment
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Conditioned Taste Aversion If a flavor is followed by an illness experience, animals will avoid the flavor in the future CS + UCS ----------> UCR Taste Toxic event Nausea CS -----> CR Flavor Nausea
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Are These Examples of Classical Conditioning? A man listening to the radio feels a rush when he hears a song that was popular when he was using cocaine...
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