HDF - Test 2 - TEST 2: LECTURE NOTES Alternative Living...

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TEST 2: LECTURE NOTES Alternative Living Arrangements 2.18.08 includes people who are single, cohabitating, and homosexual Living Arrangements Live with parents : children return after college/divorce to live with their parents again o Called the “boomerang generation” since this is a recent trend Group/communal living : group of single, non-dating adults living together, such as a college dorm Living alone : as age increases, the amount of people living alone increases o Less likely for Hispanics than blacks and whites Cohabitating couples : non-married, living together couples Sexual minority relationships Remaining single Society is more accepting in the recent years of unmarried people but still people most think they want to marry themselves Marriage benefits men more than woman & men tend to be healthier if married Four-Types of Singles Length Want Cohabitation Census definition: defines cohabitations as “unmarried, close personal relationships” o Could define friends living together, doesn’t say if there is different housing or just 1 house Cohabitation 2.20.08
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Used to be for lower income people, now increasing on all fronts. Rising percent of high-schoolers who think cohabitating before marriage is a good idea. Relationship Outcomes Cohabitaters are more likely to report depression, drug use, infidelity, & domestic violence. More likely to divorce if cohabitated before marriage o Longer the cohab = more likely to divorce Explanations for Relationship Outcomes Experience “ Cohab” Effect : experience of cohabitation causes the chances of marital success to decline o Changes the attitude that marriage is a lifetime commitment. o Leads to a state of ambiguity that carries into marriage. o Leads to couples feeling pressure to marry. Selection Effect : people who cohabitation are fundamentally different than those who do not cohabitate o Different socio-demographic variables: lower religiosity, education, and income; more likely to have been previously married o These are pre-existing conditions that lower the chances for marriage to work; cohabitation itself does not cause this change. Cohabitation 2.22.08 Reasons People Cohabit Maximize benefits and minimize costs o Sexual access o o “Easy out” Gain parental independence Security Precursor for Marriage : cohab w/ intent to marry (+) certainty of relationship, (+) certainty of marriage
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Substitute for Marriage : cohab instead of marry (+ ) certainty of relationship, (-) certainty of marriage
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HDF - Test 2 - TEST 2: LECTURE NOTES Alternative Living...

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