Chapter 1 Review

Chapter 1 Review - Chapter 1 Review Structuralism The...

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Chapter 1 Review Structuralism The school of psychology that sought to identify the basic elements of experience and to describe the rules and circumstances under which these elements combine to form mental structures. Introspection- Their primary research tool, the technique of noticing mental processes as, or immediately after, they occur. Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) was the founder. Functionalism The school of psychology that sought to understand the ways that the mind helps individuals function, or adapt to the world. More interested in the why than the what and the how . Strongly influenced by Darwin (1809-1882) and his theory of survival of the fittest. Gestalt Psychology An approach to understanding mental processes that focuses on the idea that the whole is more than the sum of its parts Deals with perception, “the sum of all the parts does not necessarily add up to the whole” o Ex. A flock of birds retains its own perceptual shape and volume Psychodynamic Theory: More Than Meets the Eye Freudian Unconscious- Outside conscious awareness and not able to be brought to consciousness at will A theory of how thoughts and feelings affect behavior; refers to the continual push-and-pull interaction among conscious and unconscious forces. Sexual urges may be part of unconscious Behaviorism: The Power of the Environment The school of psychology that focuses on how a specific stimulus (object, person, or event) evokes a specific response (behavior in reaction to the stimulus) How past experiences and rewards affect how you perform in the future Tiger Woods was always positively reinforced so he strived to achieve that recognition and paycheck after a win. Humanistic Psychology The school of psychology that assumes people have positive values, free will, and deep inner creativity, the combination of which leads them to choose life fulfilling paths to personal growth. Not a major force in the field of psychology today
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The Cognitive Revolution The approach in psychology that attempts to characterize how information is stored and operated on internally Deals with information processing similar to that of computers. Cognitive neuroscience- A blending of cognitive psychology and neuroscience
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Chapter 1 Review - Chapter 1 Review Structuralism The...

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