CJ 8-29 - enter a plea of guilty or not guilty 7...

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Formal CJ- sources of criminal law 1. Common Law- judge-made (court opinion/decision) 2. Statutory Law- Legislature-made (codes/statutes) 3. Constitutional Law- Supreme law of the land 4. Administrative Law- bureaucrat-made (rules/regulations) [90%] 5. Treaties- agreements between/among nations 6. Model Penal Code- scholar-made law Informal CJ- discretionary 1. Legislative- defines illegal conduct/crime/civil wrongs 2. Offender- commits crime/criminal act 3. Victim- has the discretion to report a crime a. Rape- nuts & sluts defense i. Rule of evidence 412 (rape shield law) 4. Police- discretion to intervene 5. Prosecutor- discretion to charge a perpetrator 6. Defense Attorney- discretion to
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Unformatted text preview: enter a plea of guilty or not guilty 7. Corrections- discretion of what punishment to impose Models to know: • Crime Control Model (cops/prosecutors) 1. Primary Function: reduce crime 2. Presumption: guilty 3. Efficiency: accept mistakes (conveyor belt) 4. Results: guilty pleas and convictions 5. Remedy: harsh penalties • Due Process Model (accused [defendants]/defense attorneys) 1. Primary Function: protect individual freedoms 2. Presumption: innocent 3. Inefficiency: do not accept mistakes (obstacle course) 4. Results: acquittals and dismissals 5. Remedy: rehabilitation...
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