CJ 2310 Test 2 Review

CJ 2310 Test 2 Review - CJ 2310 Test 2 Review V. Basic...

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Unformatted text preview: CJ 2310 Test 2 Review V. Basic Principles of Police Organization A. The Modern Hierarchy (Bureaucracy) o The modern bureaucracy has the following characteristics: It is a complex organization performing many different tasks in pursuit of a common goal The different tasks are grouped into separate divisions, or bureaus The organizational structure is hierarchal or pyramidal, with a clear division of labor between workers, first-line supervisors, and chief executives Responsibility for specific tasks is delegated to lower-ranking employees There is a clear chain of command, which indicates who is responsible for each task and who is responsible for supervising each employee There is a clear unity of command, so that each employee answers to one and only one supervisor Written rules and regulations are designed to ensure uniformity and consistency Information flows up and down through the organization according to the chain of command There are clear career paths by which personnel move upward through the organization in an orderly fashion o began to emerge in the early 20 th century, as part of a professionalization movement o Problems with Bureaucracy Often rigid, inflexible, and unable to adapt to external changes Communication within the organization often breaks down; important info may not reach people it needs to Tend to become inward looking, self-serving, and isolated from the people they serve; organizational self-protection and survival overtake the basic goals of the organization Accused of not using the talents of their employee and even stifling creativity o Positive Contributions of Bureaucracy in Policing The Police Dept in the 1900s were very unspecialized, with only 2 units, patrol and detective The development of many specialties: traffic, juvenile, community relations, training, and criminalistics has required the growth of complex organizations that have the capacity to coordinate all of the activities the control of police discretion written rules on the use of deadly force B. Principles of Delegations of Authority and Accountability C. The Scalar Principle (chain of command) o Orders are handed down from a higher rank in command o refers to a clearly defined line of authority that includes all employees in the organization o the classical school of management suggests that there should be a clear and unbroken chain of command linking every person in the organization with successively higher levels of authority up to and including the top manager o when organizations grow, they tend to get taller, as more and more levels of management are added o 4 Formal Hierarchies: Rewards hierarchy-typically corresponds with an officers rank and seniority within the department Seniority hierarchy-officers with more yrs of service are typically paid more and are given advantage over which shifts and jobs theyre assigned Status hierarchy...
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CJ 2310 Test 2 Review - CJ 2310 Test 2 Review V. Basic...

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