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CJ 2310 FINAL Review

CJ 2310 FINAL Review - CJ 2310 FINAL Review B Entering...

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CJ 2310 FINAL Review B. Entering Police Work: The Individual in the Police Organization o Recruitment & Equal Opportunity Employment Elements of Recruitment Process: The minimum qualifications The recruitment effort The applicant’s decision to apply for a position Minimum Qualifications Most experts think Depts. should raise the minimum age level Most Depts. have a requirement age of 21 Most have max age limits(usually around 35) 30 yrs ago, 85% of all Depts. required officers to be at least 5’8” o Old requirements changed because they were said to be discriminating women, Hispanics, and Asians Ohio State Highway Patrol began a fitness program in ’92, with penalties for veteran officers who didn’t meet standards In 2000, 63% of Depts. required only a high school education(or the equivalent) Only 4.8% require a 4-yr college degree 37.1% require at least some college
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Average recruit in the San Diego PD in the late 1980s had 2 yrs of college education In 1967, the President’s Crime Commission recommended that “the ultimate aim of all police departments should be that all personnel have baccalaureate degrees.” % of adults completing high school doubled to 82% from 1960-2004 o % of college graduates tripled from 7.7 to 25.2% Almost 72% of Depts. have education incentive pay programs to encourage officers to continue their college education 95% of all Depts. refuse to hire anyone with an adult felony conviction o 75% reject those with juvenile felony conviction 54% of persons age 18-25 have reported using pot About 25% of Depts. require officers to live in city or county o Intended to heighten familiarity of officers with area SARA Model to Recruitment o Scan o Analysis o Response o Assessment Motivations to Become A Police Officer o Help people o Job security o Fight crime o Job excitement
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o Job prestige Equal Employment Opportunity Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act provides that is it unlawful for an employer to “fail or refuse to hire or to discharge any individual, or otherwise to discriminate against any individual with respect to his compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment, because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” The 1972 Equal Employment Opportunity Act extended the coverage of the one in 1964 o Standards for Selection Virtually all big city Depts. conduct a background check, written and medical exams, interviews About 21% use a polygraph 1991 average recruiting process was 8.1 months 90% of the largest Depts. test applicants for drug use 61% of all Depts. require tests for all officers Background investigations cover previous employment, possible criminal records, interviews with neighbors, a check of educational attainment, review of applicant’s financial status, and a home visit Good Police Officer Qualities Social competence Adaptability/Flexibility Impulse control/Attention to safety Integrity/Ethics Emotional regulation and stress tolerance Decision making and judgment o Initial & Ongoing Training
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