CJ 2355 Test 2 Review

CJ 2355 Test 2 Review - CJ 2355 Test 2 Review Chapter 8...

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CJ 2355 Test 2 Review Chapter 8 Civil Commitment 4 Major Forces with Crime & Incarceration o Large # of persons at risk to commit crime and be incarcerated o Shift to conservative beliefs about how to deal with offenders and crime o The “War on Drugs” o Enactment of more stringent punishment Intensive Supervised Probation o Designed to provide increased surveillance of offenders to be too serious for “routine” probation o Frequently found in tourniquet sentencing o Most ISP programs call for the following: Some combination of multiple weekly contacts with a supervising officer Random and unannounced drug testing Stringent enforcement of probation or parole conditions Required participation in relevant treatment programs, employment, and perhaps community service o Expected to divert offenders from incarceration in order to alleviate overcrowding o Avoid costs of building new prisons 1
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o Prevent stigmatizing effects of imprisonment o Types of ISPs: Prison diversion Enhanced parole Enhanced probation Restitution o Court-ordered condition of probation that requires the offender to repair the financial, emotional, or physical damage done o Important that authorities link the amount of payment to the offender’s ability to pay o Offsets the victim’s loss when property is stolen Rate of New Offenses & Community o Residential programs resulted in slightly reduced recidivism rates However, when the risk level of the offenders was factored in, the results showed that most of the programs had a significant impact with high risk offenders, but actually increased failure rates for lower-risk offenders Shock Probation o Short period of jail or prison incarceration(the shock), followed by sentence reduction and early release Short period of incarceration usually 3-5 months o Based on specific deterrence model o Shock experience should not be limited to 1 st time offenders 2
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o Length of incarceration COULD be much shorter o Reincarceration rates have never exceeded 26% In Ohio, were as low as 10% Boot Camps o 1 st appeared in GA in 1983 and OK in 1984 o Estimated in ’01 that over 16,150 offenders were in adult boot camp o Combines element of basic military training and traditional correctional philosophy, particularly rehab Military drills and discipline Excersise Hard labor Specialized education and training Counseling and treatment for substance abusers o Most require them to enter as volunteers o Findings found that: Low or moderate risk juvenile and youth offenders who are subjected to a high level of supervision(boot camps) actually do worse than those left on traditional probation High %s of minority youth are served by boot camp; boot camp model fails to connect with this population
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