PSY 3315 TEST 2

PSY 3315 TEST 2 - PSY 3315 Test 2 Review Chapter 5: Anxiety...

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PSY 3315 Test 2 Review Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders Anxiety Disorders, Types, Definitions, and Symptoms Purposes of Anxiety: o Triggers fight or flight for survival o Ay help you prepare for what MAY happen o When there is too much of it, it’s a problem (becoming maladaptive) Anxiety Disorder o Is a disorder that meets one of the following criteria: The anxiety itself is the major disturbance The anxiety is manifested only in particular situations Anxiety results from an attempt to master other symptoms o Cognitive manifestation Take place in a person’s thoughts May range from mild worry to panic Severe forms can bring a conviction of impending doom o Behavioral manifestations Occur in a person’s actions May take the form of avoiding anxiety-provoking situations
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Person with fear of public speaking may avoid any situations where they have to speak in front of an audience o Somatic manifestations Changes in person’s physiological or biological reactions Include shallow breathing, mouth dryness, cold hands and feet, diarrhea, frequent urination, fainting, heart palpitations, elevated blood pressure, increased respiration, muscular tenseness o Etiology of Panic Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Psychodynamic Perspective Stresses the importance of internal conflicts (rather than external stimuli) Disorders are hypothesized to originate in sexual and aggressive impulses that are seeking expression When a forbidden impulse threatens to disturb the ego’s integrity, an intense anxiety reaction occurs Because the conflict is unconscious, the person does not know the source of the anxiety Cognitive Behavioral Perspective Emphasize that cognitions and conditioning are major factors in the development of anxiety disorders Not everyone who experiences altered physical sensations develops anxiety attacks McNally (1999) and Reiss and coworkers (1986) contended that people react differently to
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physical symptoms or sensations; they used the ASI to investigate this phenomenon Attributes panic attacks to the individual’s interpretation of unpleasant bodily sensations as indicators of an impending disaster Cognitions and somatic symptoms can best be viewed as a positive feedback loop that results in increasingly higher levels of anxiety By using ECGs they concluded that panic disorders showed an acceleration of their heart rate Biological Perspective Focuses on neural structures and on neurochemical responses to stressful stimuli Introduction of Benzodiazepines (Valium, Xanax, etc.) Anxiety involves a number of interacting subsystems that include cognitive, physiological, affective, and behavioral components Papp and colleagues (1993) o Hypothesize that monitor the amount of oxygen in the blood o The receptors give the incorrect message that oxygen is insufficient, triggering fears of suffocating and resulting in hyperventilation
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PSY 3315 TEST 2 - PSY 3315 Test 2 Review Chapter 5: Anxiety...

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