PSY 3315 Test 3 Review PA

PSY 3315 Test 3 Review PA - 1 Abuse vs Dependencea Abuse a...

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1) Abuse vs. Dependence- a. Abuse- a pattern of maladaptive use b. Dependence- tolerance, withdrawal, and obsession (with using or obtaining the drug); becomes part of your biological needs, tolerance- to the toxicity of the drug, ceiling tolerance- you cant go above that level or you’ll die, dangerous to be at the upper limit 2) Alcohol consumption in the US (stats)- 11% of adults consume one ounce or more of alcohol a day, 55% drink fewer than three alcoholic drinks a week, and 35% abstain; widespread among young people (18-25), 14 million American adults suffer from alcohol abuse 3) Etiology of alcoholism- could be either biological or psychological and cultural, both heredity and environmental factors are important a. psychological- one drinks out of curiosity and because of the tension-reducing properties of alcohol, after prolonged consumption the person becomes physically dependent and drinks to satisfy bodily needs b. biological- four times higher among male biological offspring of alcoholic fathers than among offspring of nonalcoholic fathers c. Personality characteristics- certain personality characteristics function as a predisposition, making people venerable to alcoholism- such as depression and antisocial d. Psychodynamic- childhood trauma during the oral stage of development e. Sociocultural- gender, age, socioeconomic status, ethnicity religion and country 4) Treatment of alcoholism- removal of alcohol, long-term maintenance w/o it (detoxification)- hard to do because you have to change your life and habits, long term, need a lot of support; antabuse- alcohol antagonist, when someone drinks they throw up 5) Alcoholics Anonymous- a self-help organization composed of alcoholics who want to stop drinking, helps members abstain, assigned a sponsor who provides individual support, group meetings encourage
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fellowship, spiritual awareness, and public self- revelations about past wrongdoings because of alcohol 6) Sedatives- sleep inducer, anxiety relief a. CNS depressants- alcohol, narcotics (codeine, morphine, heroin, opium, methadone), barbiturates- (amytal, Nembutal, seconal), Benzodiazepines (Valium) 7) Stimulants- euphoria, alertness a. CNS energizer- amphetamines (Bezedrine, Dexedrine, Methedrine), Caffeine, Nicotine, Cocaine and Crack 8) Hallucinogens- sensory awareness, good/bad trips, heightened awareness, increased insight a. Relaxant- Marijuana, hashish b. Hallucinatory agent- LSD, PCP 9) Polysubstance dependence- using three or more substances for twelve-month period and meeting the criteria for substance dependence when these substances are considered as a group 10) Aversion therapy- conditioning procedure in which the response to a stimulus is decreased by pairing the stimulus w/ an adverse stimulus Mood Disorders 1) mood disorder - characterized by disturbances in emotions that cause subjective discomfort, hinder a person’s ability to function, or both; depression and mania are central to this type of disorder a. depression- depressed mood, feelings of
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PSY 3315 taught by Professor - during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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PSY 3315 Test 3 Review PA - 1 Abuse vs Dependencea Abuse a...

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