PHIL 13 class 24 OH

PHIL 13 class 24 OH - Philosophy talk radio show w talks...

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hursthouse) PHIL 13 / Class 24 William’s notes that there is a stoic trend in which happiness is the goal of human life. Happiness is the goal of moral life For the stoics, the goal of life is to cultivate tranquility, not allow the bad things to affect you in life Moral Luck - Happiness and Luck (the Stoics and Aristotle) Stoics believe that happiness and tranquility were the goals of life We can respond/choose how we will react to something that happens Reactions make us happy or not Not the things that happen, but how we respond to things Happiness, therefore, is also in our control Full human happiness/flourishing is due in part of external goods Ex. Your children turn out bad, it mars your life In history of western philosophy: was happiness in our control? We’re interested now is how luck affects happiness Remember Kant where good will is the only good without limitation We as agents are good insofar as we have good will We may not complete our projects, but the world doesn’t cooperate with us achieving us For Kant, luck doesn’t attribute anything to moral worth Avilar once said, “nothing taints the sould but what belongs to it: mainly consent” We can determine how we’re going to feel Only the soul is capable of withholding consent---it’s an intrinsic capacity to do a good or bad thing---this is what affects morality Punishment or reward makes sense only if attributing wrongdoing are attributed to you personally. Both williams and nagel suggest objections to Avilarian’s view They see moral luck as a real phenomenon—it has real affects on our morals - Morality and Luck (Kant and Abelard) - Williams’ View (Paul Gauguin Example) Ex. Painting in Tahiti—wants to be a great artists (Ganguin’s) Success or failure might color the status of his act (right or wrong might depend how things turn out for him in Tahiti) He may have limited control over whether he is successful in Tahiti If he does, is his move justified? If he doesn’t, we think that his action is condemnable
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This document was uploaded on 04/14/2008.

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PHIL 13 class 24 OH - Philosophy talk radio show w talks...

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