Early latin america Chapter 19 APUSH - Chapter 19 Early Latin America Consequences of the Columbian Exchange Iberians begin to populate Latin America

Early latin america Chapter 19 APUSH - Chapter 19 Early...

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Chapter 19: Early Latin AmericaConsequences of the Columbian Exchange oIberians begin to populate Latin America, while killing off the native population (disease, resistance, mistreatment etc).oDepopulation of Natives led to loss of labor.oTo remediate the loss of labor, slaves from Africa were imported. (Displacement of Africans)oSupply of American silver to Spain was continuous & made colonies seem worth the effort, but it led to inflation & bankruptcy of government.Spanish colonial governmentoTo rule, Spain created administrative institutions Governorship, Treasury office & royal court of appeals staffed by professional magistrates.oBureaucrats, merchants & colonists replaced conquerors as institutions of govt and econ were created.oUnification of Church & StateSpain built a bureaucratic empire in which the Church was an essential element & a major cultural factor.Sovereignty of Spanish rule over its American Empire rested w/ the crown, based on a papal grant that awarded the West Indies to Castile, in return for converting the natives.Clergy formed another branch of state apparatus through widespread conversions of natives.Taking seriously the pope’s admonition to Christianize the natives as primary justification for Spain’s rule, some missionaries strongly defended native rights (e.g. Bartolomede Las Casas)Catholic Church influenced cultural & intellectual life in the colonies in architecture, education & arts.Church & State combined to create an ideological & political framework for society of Spanish America.oBureaucracyLetradosUniversity-trained lawyers from Spain in the New WorldJudicial core of Spanish colonial bureaucracyExercised both legislative and administrative functionsViceroys(next section)AudenciaRoyal court of appeals est in Spanish colonies of the New WorldPart of colonial administrative systemStaffed by professional magistratesoLegislature
RecopilacionBody of laws collected in 1681 for Spanish possessions in the New World Basis of law in the IndiesCouncil of IndiesBody w/in Castilan govt that issued all laws & advisedking on all matters dealing with Spanish AmericaViceroysoViceroyalties2 major divisions of Spanish colonies in the world: One based in Lima, the other in Mexico City.

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