PHIL 13 class 27 OH

PHIL 13 class 27 OH - PHIL 13 / Class 27 OH John Doris,...

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PHIL 13 / Class 27 OH John Doris, “Moral Character, Moral Behavior” (from Lack of Character ) - Situationism: a position, supported by data from social psychology, that claims that situational factors heavily influence agents’ decisions and actions, and that these (often unobtrusive) factors provide more predictive and explanatory power than does reliance on suppositions about moral character, dispositions, or personality types - Data Relating to the Trait of Compassion - The Story of Kitty (Catherine) Genovese (1963)- newstory Kitty was unlucky to be stabbed on the block with uncompassionate people There may be some sort of sensationalism 38 people heard Kitty’s cries, but we would rather have them do something else and helped her The 38 people may have lacked compassion that could have saved her Can we make a negative assessment generally for the 38 for this situation Doris forms the notion that these 38 people are normal people (a lot like any of us) The conclusions he makes is that if we were among those 38 people, we would have behaved similarly (explained by the same situational factors Ex. It’s just noise, it’s too late rationalization that the noise is not important. But if it were important, then one would believe that someone else would do something about it. - Isen and Levin’s “Shopping Mall” Experiment (1972) Found dime: Helped (14) Did Not Help (2) Did not find dime: Helped (1) Did Not Help (24) This is an example of “who would help if I were to drop something” It may be what decides whether a person would help is not their character, but their situation. Ex.
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This document was uploaded on 04/14/2008.

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PHIL 13 class 27 OH - PHIL 13 / Class 27 OH John Doris,...

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