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PHIL 13 class 27 OH

PHIL 13 class 27 OH - PHIL 13 Class 27 OH John Doris"Moral...

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PHIL 13 / Class 27 OH John Doris, “Moral Character, Moral Behavior” (from Lack of Character ) - Situationism: a position, supported by data from social psychology, that claims that situational factors heavily influence agents’ decisions and actions, and that these (often unobtrusive) factors provide more predictive and explanatory power than does reliance on suppositions about moral character, dispositions, or personality types - Data Relating to the Trait of Compassion - The Story of Kitty (Catherine) Genovese (1963) - Isen and Levin’s “Shopping Mall” Experiment (1972) Found dime: Helped (14) Did Not Help (2) Did not find dime: Helped (1) Did Not Help (24) - Group Effects: Smoke-in-Room Experiment: Alone, 75% of subjects report smoke; with 2 passive confederates, only 10% report. “Seeing confederates acting unconcerned, subjects were more inclined to interpret the ‘ambiguous’ stimulus of artificial smoke as ‘nondangerous’ steam or air- conditioning vapors, despite the fact that it moved them to cough, rub their eyes, and open windows” (32).
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