History 204 Notes

History 204 Notes - History 204 Cm785561 Im confused...

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Unformatted text preview: History 204 Cm785561 Im confused thouroughly. Aftermath of the Civil War Landscape Freedpeople Former Slaveholders Reviving the Souths agricultural economy Labor Contracts Sharecropping Debt Peonage Southern Industrialization Rise of the General Store Reconstruction The Central Questions Cast of Characters: Conservative Republicans and Democrats (President Johnson) Moderate Republicans Radical Republicans Two phases of Reconstruction: Presidential Reconstruction Congressional (Radical) Reconstruction Legacies Important Legislation Black Codes Civil Rights Act of 1866 Reconstruction of 1867 Thirteenth Amendment Fourteenth Amendment (Due Process, Equal Protection Clauses, Incentives for giving blacks the vote) Fifteenth Amendment Price of Cotton drops. Price kept falling. Sharecropping Some parts try and industrialize Reasons for Industrialization Textile Mills Closer to cotton Cheap labor Ready made threat (Well hire the blacks) Magic City- Birmingham. Was cotton field in civil war. Found Coalcity sprang up Rise of General Store and homogenization and commercial food products. Reconstruction 3 basic central questions after the Civil War How do you re admit the states? How much allow confederate officials to participate in new government? Conservative Republicans and Dems- Union Never Broken. States couldnt succeed. Dont do anything to bring in the states, they never left. Pass 13 th amendment They arent for voting rights for Blacks Most white southerners in this group. 2 nd group Moderate Republicans War has broken the union.. They were no longer states. They were territories. Could be readmitted as states after they drafted new constitution. Barred former confederate officials. Give blacks land and voting rights Congressional (Radical Republicans) South was a conquered nation, subject to do whatever. Wanted to establish military district to south Who gets to vote- freed blacks and loyal whites. Land redistribution Two Phases of Reconstruction- Presidential Reconstruction o Leniant towards south. Give them help- Congressional (Radical) Republicans Lincoln thought of 10% plan (10 percent swear loyalty to union) Congress wanted more. People thought Johnson would be harsh to South Johnson does 3 things to not hurt south- liked voting rights for blacks as long as southern states approved- wealthy white southerners had to ask for pardonspardons them left and right Former VP of confederacy wins seat in congress. Congress is pissed under Johnsons reconstruction Whites had slave code Black Codes Most people didnt want to live as equals with black Some wanted to transfer south fundamentally---racially equal Public Education Land Redistributed Johnson extend life of Freedmans burrow (freed man) blacks help land on their feet....
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History 204 Notes - History 204 Cm785561 Im confused...

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